Advertisement

Humanity Moving Since Pre-historic Times to the Future with Creative STEAM

  • Ubiratan D’AmbrosioEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter I go beyond the concept of STEM, to present in contemporary educational proposals for the entire world. The first strategies of the human species to deal with are natural facts and phenomena; these are generally embraced by concept of Technology. Early humans generated ad-hoc solutions to satisfy their needs for survival. From shelter to nourishment, these solutions were essential in the evolution of the species. The emotional evolution of the species led to generating ad-hoc solutions to satisfy their desire which transcend needs. Next, probably the turning point in the evolution of the species was to recognize that how to face an ad-hoc situation might be used in other similar situations. This means, recognizing that the “hows” constitute methods. This step leads to ask why and in which circumstances methods work. This is the quintessence of Science. Understanding how and why, humans venture into the new, imagining new representations of the real, thus creating Arts, and innovating with the introduction of new material constructs, thus creating Engineering. But Science required new intellectual instruments to understand the “hows” and “whys”. These intellectual instruments gave rise origin to Mathematics. Thus, the evolution of material and intellectual instruments developed by the human species is the evolution of Technology, Science, Arts, Engineering and Mathematics. Even ignoring historical precedence, a central topic in Education is Science, Technology, Arts, Engineering and Mathematics or STEAM. STEAM is a response to natural and social environment and, together with mythology, the support of culture. I use a metaphor. STEAM was decisive for the emergence of the Industrial Era. Thus the metaphorical figure of the STEAM as the fuel that moves mankind to the future.

References

  1. Casacuberta, C., & Castellet, M. (Eds.). (1992). Mathematical research today and tomorrow, viewpoints of seven field medalists (p. 88). Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. D’Ambrosio, U. (1992). Ethnomathematics: A research program on the history and pedagogy of mathematics with pedagogical implications. Notices of the American Mathematical Society, December 1992 (vol. 39, n°10, pp. 1183–1185).Google Scholar
  3. D’Ambrosio, U., et al. (1992). Final report on Science, mathematics, engineering, and technology education for the 21st century. Summer Symposium on Educating for Citizenship in the 21st Century, National Science Foundation, Directorate for Education and Human Resources, Division of Research, Evaluation and Dissemination, Washington DC, 1993 [ED 373 993SE 054 763; NSF -94 -67].Google Scholar
  4. Edwin A. Abbott (1984). Flatland. A romance of many dimensions (orig.edn.1884), reprinted with an Introduction by A. K. Dewdney, New American Library Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  5. Flaubert, G. (1993). Bouvard et Pecuchet with the dictionary of received ideas. London: Penguin Books, 1987. This was the motivating caption of my paper on “Mathematics and literature”. In A. White (Ed.), Humanistic mathematics (pp. 35–47). Washington: The Mathematical Association of America. Google Scholar
  6. Gopnik, A. (2009). The philosophical baby: What children’s minds tell us about truth, love, and the meaning of life. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
  7. Klaus G. Witz (2007). Spiritual aspirations connected with mathematics: The experience of American University students. Lewiston NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  8. Steen, L. A. (2001). Mathematics and democracy: The case for quantitative literacy (p. 1). Princeton, NJ: National Council on Education and the Disciplines.Google Scholar
  9. Stubhaug, A. (2000). The Mathematician Sophus Lie (p. 143), New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. van Oort, R. (1995, December). The anthropology of speech-act literary criticism: A review article. Anthropoetics I, no. 2, p. 8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Sao PauloSao PauloBrazil

Personalised recommendations