Fiber Laser Sensor

  • Yanliang DuEmail author
  • Baochen Sun
  • Jianzhi Li
  • Wentao Zhang


With the continuous development of photoelectron technology, based on the traditional passive FBG (FBG) sensor, a new generation of sensor with distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser as sensing element has emerged and becomes a hot topic in the field of optical fiber sensing. Fiber laser has the advantages of common FBG sensor like simple structure, strong anti-electromagnetic interference, small size, and easy to set up sensor network by WDM multiplexing. It also has the unique advantages of single frequency, narrow line width, high power, and ultra-low noise.


  1. Baldwin CS, Vizzini AJ (2003) Acoustic emission crack detection with FBG. In: Smart structures and materials, 2003. SPIE, pp 133–143.
  2. Berggren EG, Li MXD, Spännar J (2008) A new approach to the analysis and presentation of vertical track geometry quality and rail roughness. Wear 265(9):1488–1496. Scholar
  3. Carpinteri A, Lacidogna G, Pugno N (2007) Structural damage diagnosis and life-time assessment by acoustic emission monitoring. Eng Fract Mech 74(1):273–289. Scholar
  4. Du Y, Zhang W (2009) A novel heavy haul train on road safety status monitoring technique based on fiber laser sensors. Eng Sci 32(6):61–66. Scholar
  5. Filograno ML, Rodríguez-Barrios A, González-Herraez M et al (2010) Real time monitoring of railway traffic using fiber Bragg Grating sensors. IEEE Sens J 2:493–500Google Scholar
  6. Finkel P, Miller R, Finlayson RD et al (2001) Development of fiber optic acoustic emission sensors. In: AIP conference proceedings, 2001. p 1884.
  7. Hill DJ, Hodder B, Freitas JD et al (2005) DFB fibre-laser sensor developments. In: 17th international conference on optical fibre sensors, 2005. SPIE, p 4.
  8. Huang W, Du Y, Zhang W et al (2012a) Rail corrugation measurement using fiber laser accelerometers. In: OFS2012 22nd international conference on optical fiber sensor. SPIE, p 4.
  9. Huang W, Ma H, Zhang W et al (2012b) Rock mass acoustic emission detection using DFB fiber lasers. In: Photonics Asia. SPIE, p 8.
  10. Huang W, Zhang W, Ma H et al (2013) Distributed feedback fiber laser rosette for acoustic emission detection. Appl Mech Mater 330:412–417. Scholar
  11. Ian R, Peter F, Stuart M (2002) Optical fibre acoustic emission sensor for damage detection in carbon fibre composite structures. Meas Sci Technol 13(1):N5–N9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jiang M-S, Sui Q-M, Jia L et al (2012) FBG-based ultrasonic wave detection and acoustic emission linear location system. Optoelectron Lett 8(3):220–223. Scholar
  13. Kazuro K, Hideaki M, Isamu O et al (2005) Acoustic emission monitoring of a reinforced concrete structure by applying new fiber-optic sensors. Smart Mater Struct 14(3):S52–S59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kobayashi M, Naganuma Y, Nakagawa M et al (2008) Digital inertial algorithm for recording track geometry on commercial shinkansen trains. In: Eleventh international conference on computer system design and operation in the railway and other transit systems (COMPRAIL08), 2008. Computers in Railways XI, pp 683–692.
  15. Kojima T, Tsunashima H, Matsumoto A (2006) Fault detection of railway track by multi-resolution analysis. Nihon Kikai Gakkai Nenji Taikai Koen Ronbunshu 88(7):321–322. Scholar
  16. Lee Jun S, Choi S, Kim S-S et al (2012) A mixed filtering approach for track condition monitoring using accelerometers on the axle box and bogie. IEEE Trans Instrum Meas 61(3):749–758. Scholar
  17. Lee J-R, Tsuda H (2005) A novel fiber Bragg grating acoustic emission sensor head for mechanical tests. Scripta Mater 53(10):1181–1186. Scholar
  18. Liang Y-j Mu, L-l Liu J-f et al (2008) Combined optical fiber interferometric sensors for the detection of acoustic emission. Optoelectron Lett 4(3):184–187. Scholar
  19. Liang S, Zhang C, Lin W et al (2009) Fiber-optic intrinsic distributed acoustic emission sensor for large structure health monitoring. Opt Lett 34(12):1858–1860. Scholar
  20. Mallat SG (1989) A theory for multiresolution signal decomposition: the wavelet representation. IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell 11(7):674–693. Scholar
  21. Mandriota C, Nitti M, Ancona N et al (2004) Filter-based feature selection for rail defect detection. Mach Vision Appl 15(4):179–185. Scholar
  22. Matsuo T, Cho H, Takemoto M (2006) Optical fiber acoustic emission system for monitoring molten salt attack. Sci Technol Adv Mater 7(1):104–110. Scholar
  23. Minardo A, Cusano A, Bernini R et al (2005) Response of fiber Bragg gratings to longitudinal ultrasonic waves. Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control 52(2):304–312. Scholar
  24. Molodova M, Li Z, Dollevoet R (2011) Axle box acceleration: measurement and simulation for detection of short track defects. Wear 271(1):349–356. Scholar
  25. Nair A, Cai CS (2010) Acoustic emission monitoring of bridges: review and case studies. Eng Struct 32(6):1704–1714. Scholar
  26. Qin Y, Liang Y, Zhang Y et al (2010) Experimental study on an optical fiber acoustic emission sensor array. In: 2010 Academic symposium on optoelectronics and microelectronics technology and 10th Chinese-Russian symposium on laser physics and laser technology optoelectronics technology (ASOT), 2010. IEEE, pp 299–302.
  27. Suda Y, Komine H, Iwasa T et al (2002) Experimental study on mechanism of rail corrugation using corrugation simulator. Wear 253(1):162–171. Scholar
  28. Takeda S, Okabe Y, Yamamoto T et al (2003) Detection of edge delamination in CFRP laminates under cyclic loading using small-diameter FBG sensors. Comp Sci Technol 63(13):1885–1894. Scholar
  29. Takeo S (2008) A development of accurate axle box accelerometer for railway vehicle. In: IEEE, SICE annual conference, pp 2642–2645.
  30. Tam HY, Liu SY, Guan BO et al (2005) Fiber Bragg grating sensors for structural and railway applications. In: Photonics Asia. SPIE, p 13.
  31. Tan AC, Kaphle M, Thambiratnam D (2009) Design and performance of a high temperature/high pressure, hydrogen tolerant, bend insensitive single-mode fiber for downhole seismic systems and applications. In: ICRMS 8th international conference on reliability, maintainability and safety, p 7.
  32. Thursby G, Culshaw B, Betz DC et al (2008) Multifunctional fibre optic sensors monitoring strain and ultrasound. Fatigue Fracture Eng Mater Struct 31(8):660–673. Scholar
  33. Tsuda H, Takahashi J, Urabe K et al (1999) Damage monitoring of carbon fiber-reinforced plastics with Michelson interferometric fiber-optic sensors. J Mater Sci 34(17):4163–4172. Scholar
  34. Tsuda H, Kumakura K, Ogihara S (2010) Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain. Sens (Basel) 10(12):11248–11258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wei C, Xin Q, Chung WH et al (2012) Real-time train wheel condition monitoring by fiber Bragg grating sensors. Int J Distrib Sens Netw 8(1):1–7. Scholar
  36. Wild G, Hinckley S (2007) Fiber Bragg grating sensors for acoustic emission and transmission detection applied to robotic NDE in structural health monitoring. In: Sensors applications symposium IEEE, pp 1–6.
  37. Ye CC, Tatam RP (2005) Ultrasonic sensing using Yb 3 + /Er 3 + -codoped distributed feedback fibre grating lasers. Smart Mater Struct 14(1):170–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zumpano G, Meo M (2006) A new damage detection technique based on wave propagation for rails. Int J Solids Struct 43(5):1023–1046. Scholar

Copyright information

© Huazhong University of Science and Technology Press, Wuhan and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanliang Du
    • 1
    Email author
  • Baochen Sun
    • 1
  • Jianzhi Li
    • 1
  • Wentao Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.Shijiazhuang Tiedao UniversityShijiazhuangChina
  2. 2.Institute of SemiconductorsBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations