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Corticosteroid Resistance in Asthma

  • Koichi FukunagaEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Respiratory Disease Series: Diagnostic Tools and Disease Managements book series (RDSDTDM)

Abstract

Although inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) is the typical medication for the treatment of asthma worldwide, there are patients who are nonresponsive to the treatment. Patients with GC-resistant asthma show more frequent exacerbation than other asthmatics, and the number of clinical consultations is much higher. It has been recognized in recent years that asthma is not a single disease; it is a syndrome with various phenotypes. The heterogeneity complicates the analysis of the pathology associated with GC resistance. However, the characterization of the inflammatory and immunological phenotypes and the classification into several end types will be crucial for elucidating the mechanism of GC-resistant asthma. Future work on the molecular mechanisms of GC resistance will facilitate the selection of therapeutic drugs according to the pathology of individual patients with refractory asthma resistant to GC treatment.

Keywords

Asthma Steroid resistant Type 2 innate lymphoid cell Th17 cell 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pulmonary Division, Department of MedicineKeio University School of MedicineTokyoJapan

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