Advertisement

Arsenic (V) Remediation Using Adsorption-Induced Ultrafiltration Process and Management of Toxic Sludge in Glass Formation

  • D. Mukherjee
  • S. GhoshEmail author
  • S. Majumdar
  • K. Annapurna
Conference paper

Abstract

An integrated approach involving adsorption in combination with ceramic membrane-assisted ultrafiltration (UF) has been used for arsenic remediation from aqueous system. Iron oxide nanoparticles (α-Fe2O3) synthesized by a green route were used as an effective adsorbent for arsenic (V). Ceramic UF membrane was prepared by coating of nano ɣ-Al2O3 on clay–alumina-based substrates with 8 mm OD/6 mm ID/200 mm L. The effect of independent parameters, viz. transmembrane pressure (TMP) and cross-flow velocity (CFV), on the dependent response permeate flux had been studied using response surface methodology (RSM) based statistical optimization employing Design-Expert 6.0.8. A good match is found between experimental and predicted responses with the R2 value being 0.99. The CFV and TMP for maximum permeate flux was 1 m/s and 4 bar, respectively. The combined process resulted in reduction of arsenic (V) concentration up to 97.7% from an initial concentration of 5 mg/L with subsequent removal of turbidity and total suspended solids in the simulated water. The arsenic-bearing toxic sludge produced in the process was immobilized in glass matrix proposing a novel and safe approach of sludge management. Two different glass compositions (G-1 and G-2) having silica and borate as main glass formers doped with different amount of the sludge involving spent iron oxide adsorbent were chosen and their properties were compared. The batches were melted at 1200 °C and 1450 °C for G-1 and G-2, respectively, followed by annealing at 700 °C. The prepared glass samples were found to have an amorphous phase having density of 2.37 g/cc and 2.31 g/cc and refractive index of 1.57 and 1.53, respectively. The amber coloured glasses thus formed could be used in various applications. The proposed study indicates a suitable, environmental friendly approach for efficient remediation of arsenic, a toxic contaminant, from aqueous solution.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial support from the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, is gratefully acknowledged for completion of this work.

References

  1. 1.
    Mandal BK, Suzuki KT (2002) Arsenic round the world: a review. Talanta 58:201–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gebreyowhannes YB (2009) Effect of silica and pH on arsenic removal by iron-oxide coated sand. MSc Thesis, Unesco-IHEGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sharma VK, Sohn M (2009) Aquatic arsenic: toxicity, speciation, transformations, and remediation. Environ Int 35:743–759CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sanchez J, Rivas BL (2010) Arsenic extraction from aqueous solution: electrochemical oxidation combined with ultrafiltration membranes and water-soluble polymers. Chem Eng J 165:625–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Arar O, Kabay N, Sanchez J, Rivas BL, Bryjak M, Pena C (2014) Removal of arsenic from water by combination of electro-oxidation and polymer enhanced ultrafiltration. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 33:918–924CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sarkar S, Ghosh S, Banerjee P, Larbot A, Cerneaux S, Bandyopadhyay S, Bhattacharjee C (2014) Preparation and characterization of single layer ultrafiltration alumina membrane directly over porous clay-alumina tubular and capillary support for textile effluent treatment. T Indian Ceram Soc.  https://doi.org/10.1080/0371750X.2014.882246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mukherjee D, Ghosh S, Majumdar S, Annapurna K (2016) Green synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles for arsenic(V) remediation with a novel aspect for sludge management. J Environ Chem Eng 4:639–650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mahzuz HMA, Alam R, Alam MN, Basak R, Islam MS (2009) Use of arsenic contaminated sludge in making ornamental bricks. Int J Environ Sci Tech 6:291–298Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Donald IW, Metcalfe BL, Taylor RNJ (1997) The immobilization of high level radioactive wastes using ceramics and glasses. J Mater Sci 32:5851–5887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    He Y, Li G, Jiang Z, Wang H, Zhao J, Su H, Huang Q (2011) Diafiltration and concentration of Reactive Brilliant Blue KN-R solution by two-stage ultrafiltration process at pilot scale: technical and economic feasibility. Desalination 279:235–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kaushik CP, Mishra RK, Sengupta AK, Das D, Kale GB, Raj K (2006) Barium borosilicate glass—a potential matrix for immobilization of sulfate bearing high-level radioactive liquid waste. J Nucl Mater 358:129–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chorfa A, Madjoubi MA, Hamidouche M, Bouras N, Rubio J, Rubio F (2010) Glass hardness and elastic modulus determination by nanoindentation using displacement and energy methods. Ceramics—Silikáty 54:225–234Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bouras N, Madjoubi MA, Kolli M, Benterki S, Hamidouche M (2009) Thermal and mechanical characterization of borosilicate glass. Phys Procedia 2:1135–1140CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Mukherjee
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Ghosh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Majumdar
    • 2
  • K. Annapurna
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Ceramic Membrane DivisionCSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia
  3. 3.Glass Science and Technology SectionCSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations