Sustainable Energy: Challenges and Perspectives

  • S. Prasad
  • K. R. Sheetal
  • V. Venkatramanan
  • S. Kumar
  • S. Kannojia


Currently, energy security, sustainable development and wellbeing are the energy policy drivers throughout the world. India has made significant progress, far more rapidly in the past 2 years, increasing the installed capacity of sustainable energy, and potentially this upward drift is anticipated to persist. The innovation in new and advanced technologies, aggressive energy policies, action, and planning activities has enabled India to resolve the barriers of commercial production of sustainable energy. The domestic production and use of renewable energy, such as off-grid power sources, i.e., solar power, wind power, small hydropower, biofuels and bioenergy from new biomass will help to reduce the fossil fuel use and its imports from other countries.

Sustainable economic and industrial growth also requires safe and sustainable energy resources. The use of sustainable energy will help in strengthening low-carbon energy in India and providing a clean environment through reduction of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. Prospective attention to financial and development needs by the use of sustainable energy will also improve the living standards of society with equity and economic sustainability. There is a strong need to extensively adopt and use sustainable energy technologies to supply off-grid power, especially in the areas with difficulty in accessing the central grid power, such as un-electrified villages, remote areas, and hilly terrains. Finally, these sustainable energy sources offer massive benefits and can contribute significantly to ensuring a secure energy future for India.


Renewable energy Sustainable energy Solar energy Biomass energy Fossil fuels 



Authors wish to thank Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India for providing financial support.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Prasad
    • 1
  • K. R. Sheetal
    • 2
  • V. Venkatramanan
    • 3
  • S. Kumar
    • 1
  • S. Kannojia
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient AgricultureIndian Agricultural Research InstituteNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research StationBikanerIndia
  3. 3.School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary StudiesIndira Gandhi National Open UniversityNew DelhiIndia

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