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Management of Heavy Metal Polluted Soils: Perspective of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi

  • R. Krishnamoorthy
  • V. Venkatramanan
  • M. SenthilkumarEmail author
  • R. Anandham
  • K. Kumutha
  • Tongmin Sa
Chapter

Abstract

In recent years, intensive research have been initiated on remediation of metal polluted soil due to the public concerns on ecosystem deterioration. Plants are used as an effective tool in remediation of metal polluted soil. In natural ecosystem, plants are associated with soil microorganisms which plays an important role in enhancing plant growth in metal contaminated site and phytoremediation process. Among the microorganisms, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) contributes markedly in the phytoremediation process in metal contaminated site by enhancing plant stress tolerance and metal extraction from soil (phytoextraction) and immobilization of metals in soil (phytostabilization). This chapter deals with our study on the effect of heavy metal on AMF root colonization and diversity in heavy metal and metalloid contaminated sites. In addition, this chapter summarizes the mechanisms involved in AMF mediated phytoremediation of metal polluted soil. Potential prospects lies in revealing the mechanisms behind the tripartite interaction among plant species, AMF species and heavy metals for effective management of polluted soils.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi Heavy metals Phytoextraction Phytostabilization 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Krishnamoorthy
    • 1
  • V. Venkatramanan
    • 2
  • M. Senthilkumar
    • 3
    Email author
  • R. Anandham
    • 1
    • 3
  • K. Kumutha
    • 1
  • Tongmin Sa
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural MicrobiologyAgricultural College and Research InstituteMaduraiIndia
  2. 2.School of Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary StudiesIndira Gandhi National Open UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural MicrobiologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Environmental and Biological ChemistryChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuRepublic of Korea

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