Political Origin of State Weakness

  • Mohammad Dulal Miah
  • Yasushi Suzuki


Political institutions are crucial determinants for defining and enforcing property rights. This chapter explains these determinants and their relevance to resource distribution. The chapter describes, in particular, the political parties of Bangladesh and their ideologies. In so doing, it sketches briefly the origin of political parties as well as their historical background. It is argued that the political parties are weak vis-à-vis the society. Two major political parties seek their ancestral support from almost the same base of popular vote. They differ marginally from one another in terms of attracting these votes. Thus, it is impossible to forestall political outcome of any parliamentary election held in a free and fair manner. This uncertainty prompts major parties to form coalitions with small political factions in a power-sharing coalition. Such a tradition bestows these small factions with increased bargaining power over resource allocation. A long practice of this tendency has given rise to the typical patron-client politics in Bangladesh, which have a profound implication for resource distribution.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Dulal Miah
    • 1
  • Yasushi Suzuki
    • 2
  1. 1.University of NizwaBirkat Al MawzOman
  2. 2.Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific UniversityBeppuJapan

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