Exploring Methods for Realizing Public Rural Land Ownership
At present, China is experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization. Industrialization requires a constant stream of high-quality labor from rural areas. How should we handle the contracted land of rural residents as they take up employment in the secondary and tertiary industries? Urbanization should ensure housing and public services for these new residents. How can we enable them to swap their rural houses for urban ones and turn the remaining rural homesteads into urban construction land? Agricultural modernization requires the development of non-government big agriculture. How can we turn small-scale household land management into large-scale intensive operations? These are the urgent questions that the Decision of the Central Committee of the CPC on Certain Major Issues concerning Comprehensively Deepening Reform (hereinafter referred to as the Decision) adopted at the 18th CPC Central Committee’s Third Plenary Session, has provided definite answers. In the Decision, there are three breakthroughs concerning the reform and implementation of the rural land system, which once they have been carefully studied and fully understood, will provide strong impetus for the simultaneous development of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, thus helping us reach the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020 as set at the 18th National Party Congress.