The Use of Polymer–Carbon Composites in Fuel Cell and Solar Energy Applications

  • Aniruddha ChatterjeeEmail author
  • D. P. Hansora
  • Purabi Bhagabati
  • Mostafizur Rahaman
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)


Energy conversion devices such as solar cells and fuel cells are considered as highly efficient devices that are capable of transforming and conserving energy directly from the chemical energy into electricity. These are the devices which do not cause evolution of any noxious pollutants to the environment. The different carbon/polymer composites have concerned immense interest as functional components in solar cells and fuel cells as energy conversion applications. In this chapter, the point here is to give initiative about basic perceptive of different types of carbon structured polymer nanocomposites, their characteristic properties, and applications for the fuel cell and solar energy devices.


Polymer–carbon composites Fuel cells Solar energy 


  1. 1.
    Bairan A, Selamat MZ, Sahadan SN, Malingam SD, Mohamad N (2016) Effect of carbon nanotubes loading in multifiller polymer composite as bipolar plate for PEM fuel cell. Proced Chem 19:91–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang Z, Feng K, Li Z, Lu F, Huang J, Wu Y, Chu PK (2016) Self-passivating carbon film as bipolar plate protective coating in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:5783–5792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Singh S, Modi A, Verma N (2016) Enhanced power generation using a novel polymer-coated nanoparticles dispersed-carbon micro-nanofibers-based air-cathode in a membrane-less single chamber microbial fuel cell. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:1237–1247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kannan R, Pillai VK (2009) Applications of carbon nanotubes in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. J Indian Inst Sci 89(4):425–436Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    de Oliveira PN, Mendes AMM (2016) Preparation and characterization of an eco-friendly polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) based in a blend of sulphonated poly(vinyl alcohol)/ chitosan mechanically stabilised by nylon 6,6. Mater Res 19(4):954–962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yuan D, Zhu YG, Jia C (2016) Chapter 17: Carbon nanotube-polymer composites for energy storage applications. In: Berber M (ed) Book edition: Carbon nanotubes-current progress of their polymer composites. InTech Publications, pp 439–457Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Vandiver MA (2014) Effect of hydration on the mechanical properties of anion exchange membranes. Ph.D. theses, Colorado School of Mines, ColoradoGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tan CW, Tan KH, Ong YT, Mohamed AR, Zein SHS, Tan SH (2012) Energy and environmental applications of carbon nanotubes. Environ Chem Lett 10:265–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu YL (2016) Effective approaches for the preparation of organo-modified multi-walled carbon nanotubes and the corresponding MWCNT/polymer nanocomposites. Polym J 48:351–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alturaif HA, ALOthman ZA, Shapter JG, Wabaidur SM (2014) Use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with polymers in solar cells. Molecules 19:17329–17344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Huyen DN (2011) Chapter-22 Carbon nanotubes and semiconducting polymer nanocomposites. In: Carbon nanotubes-synthesis, characterization, applications. InTech Publications, pp 469–486Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang W, Ravi S, Silva P (2011) Application of carbon nanotubes in polymer electrolyte based fuel cells. Rev Adv Mater Sci 29:1–14Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dai L, Chang DW, Baek JB, Lu W (2012) Carbon nanomaterials for advanced energy conversion and storage. Small 8(8):1130–1166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rahman A, Ali I, AL Zahrani SM, Eleithy RH (2011) A review of the applications of nanocarbon polymer composites. Nano 6(3):185–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kim DJ, Jo MJ, Nam SY (2015) A review of polymer–nanocomposites electrolyte membranes for fuel cell application. J Ind Eng Chem 21:36–52CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kumar GG, Nahm KS (2011) Chapter-27 Polymer nanocomposites-fuel cell applications. In: Advances in nanocomposites-synthesis, characterization and industrial applications. InTech Publications, pp 639–660Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sharma R, Cherusseri J, Kar KK (2015) Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells: role of carbon nanotubes/graphene in cathode catalysis. In: Kar KK, Pandey JK, Rana S (eds), Handbook of polymer nanocomposites. Processing, performance and application. Volume B: carbon nanotube based polymer composites. Springer, pp 361–390Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Memioğlu F, Bayrakçeken A, Öznülüer T, Ak M (2014) Conducting carbon/polymer composites as a catalyst support for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Int J Energy Res 38:1278–1287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhang Z, Han S, Wang C, Li J, Xu G (2015) Single-walled carbon nanohorns for energy applications. Nanomaterials 5:1732–1755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zhu J, Liu F, Mahmood N, Hou Y (2015) Graphene polymer nanocomposites for fuel cells. In: Sadasivuni KK, Ponnamma D, Kim J, Thomas S (eds), Graphene-based polymer nanocomposites in electronics. Springer, pp 90–131Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kymakis E, Amaratunga GAJ (2002) Single-wall carbon nanotube/conjugated polymer photovoltaic devices. Appl Phys Lett 80:112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu D, Yang Y, Durstock M, Baek JB, Dai L (2010) Soluble P3HT-grafted graphene for efficient bilayer-heterojunction photovoltaic devices. ACS Nano 4(10):5633–5640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Moniruzzaman M, Winey KI (2006) Polymer nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes. Macromolecules 39:5194–5205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Van De Lagemaat J, Barnes TM, Rumbles G, Shaheen SE, Coutts TJ, Weeks C, Levitsky I, Peltola J, Glatkowski P (2006) Organic solar cells with carbon nanotubes replacing In2O3: Sn as the transparent electrode. Appl Phys Lett 88:233503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pasquier AD, Unalan HE, Kanwal A, Miller S, Chhowalla M (2005) Conducting and transparent single-wall carbon nanotube electrodes for polymer-fullerene solar cells. Appl Phys Lett 87:203511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rowell MW, Topinka MA, McGehee MD, Prall HJ, Dennler G, Sariciftci NS, Hu L, Gruner G (2006) Organic solar cells with carbon nanotube network electrodes. Appl Phys Lett 88:233506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Candelaria SL, Shao Y, Zhou W, Li X, Xiao J, Zhang JG, Wang Y, Liu J, Li J, Cao G (2012) Nanostructured carbon for energy storage and conversion. Nano Energy 1:195–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Shearer CJ, Cherevan A, Eder D (2014) Application and future challenges of functional nanocarbon hybrids. Adv Mater 26:2295–2318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hosseini T, Kouklin N (2016) Chapter-4 Carbon nanotube–polymer composites: device properties and photovoltaic applications. In: Carbon nanotubes-current progress of their polymer composites. InTech Publications, pp 95–123Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Adler Q, Gerhardt RA, Muhlbauer RL (2011) Carbon nanotube-Polymer composites for solar cell application. Santa Clara UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aniruddha Chatterjee
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. P. Hansora
    • 2
  • Purabi Bhagabati
    • 3
  • Mostafizur Rahaman
    • 4
  1. 1.Maharashtra Institute of TechnologyAurangabadIndia
  2. 2.University Institute of Chemical Technology, North Maharashtra UniversityJalgaonIndia
  3. 3.Chemical Engineering DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology GuwahatiGuwahatiIndia
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryCollege of Science, King Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations