An Energy-Balanced Cluster-Based Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network

  • Yogesh TripathiEmail author
  • Arun Prakash
  • Rajeev Tripathi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 524)


Wireless sensor and actuator network is the extension of wireless sensor network. Wireless sensor and actuator network is made of sensor and actuator nodes. To overcome energy constraints of sensor networks, some energy-rich nodes (actuator nodes) are deployed in surveillance field. Due to energy heterogeneity of deployed nodes, sensor and actuator nodes have different responsibility. Sensor nodes gather data from surveillance field, and actuator nodes are responsible for transmission of collected data from sink. In this paper, an energy-balanced cluster-based routing protocol for wireless sensor and actuator networks is proposed. The network is divided into clusters, and the most energy-rich node among sensor nodes is selected as cluster head. Cluster head selection and actuator node selection metrics balance the energy consumption of network. Simulation results show the improvements in the performance parameters over the existing routing protocol. Simulation is carried out on network simulator (ns-2.35).


Wireless sensor and actuator networks Clustering Routing Energy balancing 



This work is supported by the council of science and technology under the project entitled “wireless sensor network (WSN) routing protocol for industrial applications: Algorithm design and Hardware.” Project grant number is CST/2872.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yogesh Tripathi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arun Prakash
    • 1
  • Rajeev Tripathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMotilal Nehru National Institute of Technology AllahabadAllahabadIndia

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