Time of Arrival Positioning with Two and Three BTSs in GSM System

  • Atul Kumar UttamEmail author
  • Sasmita Behera
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 524)


In recent years, location-based services like emergency, rescue, and response, and location-based marketing are gaining popularity. In all such services, location of involved entity should be located accurately and timely. GSM system is the most popular communication network around the world. Hence, such location detection techniques which require very less or no modification in the existing infrastructure are required. This paper talks about two enhanced ToA-based localization methods using two and three base transreceiver stations. The comparative study between standard ToA techniques and proposed techniques shows encouraging results in various regions like urban area, suburban area, hilly area, and open area.


Location-based services (LBSs) GSM network Time of arrival (ToA) Base transceiver station (BTS) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GLA UniversityMathuraIndia
  2. 2.VSSUTBurlaIndia

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