Intact Stability Criteria
Over the centuries many ships have been lost at sea through capsizing either because of operational errors and/or lack of inherent stability of ships whether intact or damaged. In the past, even though people were concerned about the maritime safety, particularly those whose lives and livelihood depended on it, certain degree of risk was accepted as inherent in maritime activities. Venturing out to sea on a ship was regarded as an ‘adventure’. In risk-averse modern times, however, such cavalier attitude towards ship safety is no longer acceptable and people have endeavoured to set acceptable standards.