Advertisement

Recognition, Analysis, and Corresponding Strategies for Shrinking Cities in Northeast China

  • Shuqi GaoEmail author
  • Ying Long
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

Although most up-to-date studies of shrinking cities are mainly done in western countries, some reports have pointed out that there is quite a number of shrinking cities in developing countries. This paper reviews the relevant research, distinguishes, and analyzes shrinking cities in northeast China, and chooses the City of Yichun as a case study. The paper finds that regional decay, marginality, and institutional change all affect city shrinking, and some more specific factors also contribute to the population shrinking in the City of Yichun. In contrast with shrinking resource-based cities in northwest China, Yichun’s shrinkage has more complex causes, including some unique phenomena such as “suppress the second industry and develop the first industry” and “counter urbanization.” Relevant planning measures are proposed.

Keywords

Shrinking cities Resource-based city Population shrinking Counter-urbanization 

References

  1. Chen Q, Song Y, Zhang P et al (2004) Urbanization problems and countermeasures facing the revitalization of northeast old industrial base. Urban Plan Forum 2:47–51 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  2. Chung JH, Lai H, Joo JH (2009) Assessing the “Revive the Northeast” (Zhenxingdongbei) program: origins, policies and implementation. China Q 197:108–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Gao S (2015) Review of researches on shrinking cities. Urban Plan Forum 3:44–49 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  4. Hollander JB, Pallagst K, Schwarz T et al (2009) Planning shrinking cities. Prog Plan 4:223–232Google Scholar
  5. Huang H (2011) Shrewd contraction: planning strategy to cope with urban decline and its practice in the US. Urban and Regional Planning Research (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Huang W (2014) Experience and inspiration of urban shrinkage in Britain. Planner (suppl 5):205–209 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. Kotilainen J, Eisto I, Vatanen E (2015) Uncovering mechanisms for resilience: strategies to counter shrinkage in a peripheral city in Finland. Eur Plan Stud 1:53–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lee CK (2007) Against the law: labor protests in China’s Rustbelt and Sunbelt. University of California Press, Berkeley, CAGoogle Scholar
  9. Li X, Chen K, Guo X (2015) A contractile strategy for urban renewal under the background of the transformation of the values of growth doctrine. Int Urban Plan 2:81–86 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Liu H (2016) Progress of quantitative urban shrinkage calculation method. Mod Urban Stud 2:17–22 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  11. Long Y, Wu K (2016) Shrinking cities in a rapidly urbanizing China. Environ Plan A 48(2):220–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Long Y, Wu K, Wang J (2015) Shrinking cities in China and its research framework. Mod Urban Stud 9:14–19 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Martinez-Fernandez C, Wu CT, Schatz LK et al (2012) The shrinking mining city: urban dynamics and contested territory. Int J Urban Reg Res 2:245–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Reckien D, Martinez-Fernandez C (2011) Why do cities shrink? Eur Plan Stud (8):1375–1397Google Scholar
  15. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) (2009) State of the world’s cities 2008/2009: harmonious citiesGoogle Scholar
  16. The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) (2015) The state of Asian and Pacific cities 2015: urban transformations, shifting from quantity to quality. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Wiechmann T, Pallagst KM (2012) Urban shrinkage in Germany and the USA: a comparison of transformation patterns and local strategies. Int J Urban Reg Res 2:261–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Xiao G, Weiss J (2007) Development in North East People’s Republic of China: an analysis of enterprise performance 1995–2002.China Econ Rev (2):170–189Google Scholar
  19. Xu B, Pang L (2014) Growth and decline: research on the contraction of international cities and its enlightenment to China. Economist 4:5–13 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  20. Yin RK (2013) Case study research: design and methods. Sage Publications, Los Angeles, CAGoogle Scholar
  21. Yu L, Hou Q, Li J (2008) The key to the “three forest problem” is the reform of forest rights. Financ Probl 9:37–44 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  22. Zhang J, Guo C (2016) Germany’s research and strategy for shrinking cities: take Leipzig as an example. Mod Urban Stud 2:11–16 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  23. Zhang Z, Man Y, Liu Y (2008) The reform of government and enterprises in state-owned forest areas and related policy issues—research report on Greater Khingan Range and Yichun. For Economy 1:26–32 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  24. Zhao M, You L, Chen C (2015) “Smart contraction” guidance and planning strategy for rural human settlements. City Plan Rev 7:9–18 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Zhou K, Qian F (2015) Shrinking cities: research progress of urban development path under the adverse growth scenario. Mod Urban Stud 9:1–13 (in Chinese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ArchitectureSoutheast UniversityXuanwu District, NanjingChina
  2. 2.School of Architecture and Hang Lung Center for Real EstateTsinghua UniversityHaidian District, BeijingChina

Personalised recommendations