A Multi-scaled Analysis of the Shrinking Population in a Region with Out-Migration: A Case Study of Hunan Province

  • Kai ZhouEmail author
  • Yan Yan
  • Fangfang Qian
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


Using the international “shrinking city” theoretical framework and China’s Fifth and Sixth National Census data, this study conducted quantitative analyses regarding the shrinking population phenomenon at multiple geographical scales, from provincial to township, in Hunan Province in central China. From the statistically based analysis, three main types of shrinkage were identified at the county scale: “A hollowed-out labor force,” wherein the population shrinks and the economy develops slowly in low-level urbanizing areas because of labor output;” Population take-over,” wherein population outflow and the economy develop slowly in urbanizing areas affected by central cities nearby that develop rapidly; and “ Resource degradation,” wherein the economy declines in highly urbanized areas with a shrinking population. Furthermore, one case study was conducted to further reveal the details of the shrinking mechanism as well as the relevant policy responses.


Shrinking cities Out-migration Multi-scaled analysis Hunan Province Central China 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ArchitectureHunan UniversityChangshaChina

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