Grey Water Recycling for Domestic Usage

  • Biswajit DebnathEmail author
  • Aryama Raychaudhuri
  • Punam Mukhopadhyay
Conference paper


The present research focuses on the treatment of grey water collected from different sources. The technology used gave a satisfactory performance by reducing BOD and COD of the effluent considerably to 69 and 98 mg/L, respectively. Dyes and metal concentration present in the water were also reduced considerably. The analysis of dye adsorption kinetics gives the best fit to the Freundlich isotherm (R2 = 0.978) and follows the pseudo-second-order kinetics. The technology is a combination of physicochemical treatments, packed bed media filtration, adsorption, and disinfection. The aim of the work is to recycle and reuse the treated effluent for washing, toilet flushing, etc. The developed process addresses goal 6, 11, and 17 of the sustainable development goals (SDG) 2030. It is expected to be an effective, economic, and attractive solution to collective urban residential buildings as well as individuals.


Grey water Packed bed media Water recycling Adsorption kinetics SDG 



Authors would like to thank Late Dr. Pranab Kumar Sengupta, Heritage Institute of technology for his help with his knowledge and collaboration in different tests. Authors also extend their gratitude toward Prof. Pinaki Bhattacharyaa, Ms. Promita Sen, Mr. Bibhuti Ranjan Saha, Ms. Annesha Das, and Ms. Suparna Bhattacharyaa for their valuable inputs and help. ENVIROCHECK laboratories, Dumdum is also gratefully acknowledged for collaboration in GASS analyzing and other tests. The work was supported by Heritage Institute of Technology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Biswajit Debnath
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Aryama Raychaudhuri
    • 1
  • Punam Mukhopadhyay
    • 2
  1. 1.International Society of Waste Management, Air and WaterKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

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