Advertisement

An Integrated Process Development for Treatment of Textile Effluent Involving Ceramic Membrane-Driven Ultrafiltration and Biosorption

  • B. Santra
  • S. Kar
  • S. GhoshEmail author
  • S. Majumdar
Conference paper

Abstract

Textile industries are one of the largest water consuming sectors and wastewater is produced in various steps like pretreatment, dyeing, washing and finishing, etc. Effluent from such industries contains a large amount of unfixed dyes, auxiliary chemicals, alkalis and salt which can cause significant pollution of the surface and groundwater if not adequately treated. The present study is focussed on process development for dye and COD removal from such wastewater using an eco-friendly and cost-effective approach. An integrated process has been used involving application of ceramic UF membrane and biosorptive treatment. Effluent was collected from a textile dyehouse having pH of 12.27, TDS value 38.22 g/L and COD of 3600 mg/L. The highly concentrated effluent was diluted to ten times and was passed through ceramic ultrafiltration (UF) membrane module to reduce organic loading of the wastewater. The permeate from the UF process was further treated with a carbonaceous biosorbent prepared from vegetable waste of household for removal of dyes. Effect of process parameters such as transmembrane pressure (1–5 kg/cm2) and contact time were studied in UF process with respect to the permeate flux and COD removal. Effect of the initial concentration of dyes, pH, temperature and biosorbent dose have been analysed in the biosorption process. Encouraging results were obtained in the integrated process with respect to the dye and organic loading reduction in industrial effluent.

Keywords

Textile effluent Ceramic UF membrane Waste-derived biosorbent Vegetable waste 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The financial support from the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India vide Grant No. DST/TSG/NTS/2015/74-G dated 22 July 2016 is gratefully acknowledged. The authors acknowledge the Director, CSIR-CGCRI for granting permission in carrying out the study.

References

  1. 1.
    Abu Al-Rub FA, Kandah M, Al-Dabaybeh N (2003) Competitive adsorption of nickel and cadmium on sheep manure wastes: experimental and prediction studies. Sep Sci Technol 38:483–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mohan D, Sarswat A, Pittman JCU (2014) Organic and inorganic contaminants removal from water with biochar, a renewable, low cost and sustainable adsorbent—a critical review. Biores Technol 1:191–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang H, Qiang Su J, Zheng XW, Tian Y, Xiong XJ, Zheng TL (2009) Bacterial decolorization and degradation of the reactive dye Reactive Red 180 by Citrobacter sp. CK3. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 63:395–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aldegs Y, Elbarghouthi M, Elsheikh A, Walker G (2008) Effect of solution pH, ionic strength, and temperature on adsorption behavior of reactive dyes on activated carbon. Dyes Pigments 77:16–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lee R (2000) Coagulation and flocculation in wastewater treatment. Water Wastewater 141:29–32Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    El-Latif MMA, Ibrahim AM (2010) Removal of reactive dye from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto activated carbons prepared from oak sawdust. Desal Water Treat 20:102–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Greenberg AE, Eaton AD, Clesceri LS (2005) Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 21st edn. APHA, AWWA, WEF, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jana A, Bhattacharya P, Sarkar S, Majumdar S, Ghosh S (2015) An ecofriendly approach towards remediation of high lead containing toxic industrial effluent by a combined biosorption and microfiltration process: a total reuse prospect. Desalin Water Treat 8:1–16Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ceramic Membrane DivisionCSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations