Determining the Quality of Activated Carbon Using L16 Taguchi Method Through Waste Tyre Recycling

  • Tirthankar Mukherjee
  • Sadhan Kumar Ghosh
  • Mehabub RahamanEmail author
Conference paper


In this present study, waste tyre has been chosen as the precursor of activated carbon since it is a nonbiodegradable carbonaceous waste causing environmental pollution. This paper deals with the preparation of AC and obtaining the most suitable preparation method. Taguchi method with L16 experiments was conducted at different levels of the three parameters. Activation temperature was 600–900 °C, residence time was 2–5 h, and four different chemical agents (KOH, H3PO4, Na2CO3, and H2SO4) were chosen. The maximum methylene blue (MB) dye removal was found out to be 91.78%. From the delta ranking system, we can see that the chemical agent has the maximum influence on the quality of AC, followed by temperature and time. The least influencing parameter is the residence time for the preparation of AC. The maximum removal percentage was found out to be 94.25% and the optimum parameter values were 800 °C (Temperature), 3 h (time), and KOH (Chemical Agent). The regression equation obtained has an R2 value of 82.54%.


Pyrolysis Taguchi Chemical agent 


  1. 1.
    Diez C, Martinez O, Calvo LF, Cara J, Morán A (2004) Pyrolysis of tyres influence of the final temperature of the process on emissions and the calorific value of the products recovered. Waste Manag 24:463–469CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Williams PT (2013) Pyrolysis of waste tyres: a review. Waste Manag 33:1714–1728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Antoniou N, Zabaniotou A (2013) Features of an efficient and environmentally attractive used tyres pyrolysis with energy and material recovery. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 20:539–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sienkiewicz M, Kucinska-Lipka J, Janik H, Balas A (2012) Progress in used tyres management in the European Union: a review. Waste Manag 32:1742–1751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Manocha S (2003) Porous carbons. Sadhana 28:335–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jonusas A, Miknius L (2014) Effect of the pressure and feedstock state on the yield and properties of waste tire thermolysis products. Energy Fuels 28:2465–2471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zabaniotou AA, Stavropoulos G (2003) Pyrolysis of used automobile tires and residual char utilization. J Anal Appl Pyrol 70:711–722CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu Z, Srinivasan MP, Ni Y (2001) Novel activation process for preparing highly microporous and mesoporous activated carbons. Carbon 39:877–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chan OS, Cheung WH, McKay G (2011) Preparation and characterisation of demineralised tyre derived activated carbon. Carbon 49:4674–4687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Juma H, Koreňová Z, Jozef M, L’udovít J (2006) Pyrolysis and combustion of scrap tire. Pet Coal 48:15–26Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stavropoulos GG, Zabaniotou AA (2009) Minimizing activated carbons production cost. Fuel Process Technol 90:952–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lehmann CMB, Rostam-Abadi M, Rood MJ, Sun J (1998) Reprocessing and reuse of waste tire rubber to solve air-quality related problems. Energy Fuels 12:1095–1099CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    San Miguel G, Fowler GD, Sollars CJ (2003) A study of the characteristics of activated carbons produced by steam and carbon dioxide activation of waste tyre rubber. Carbon 41:1009–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    San Miguel G, Fowler GD, Sollars CJ (1998) Pyrolysis of tyre rubber: porosity and adsorption characteristics of the pyrolytic chars. Ind Eng Chem Res 37:2430–2435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Helleur R, Popovic N, Ikura M, Stanciulescu M, Liu D (2001) Characterisation and potential applications of pyrolytic char from ablative pyrolysis of used tires. J Anal Appl Pyrol 58–59:813–824CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ariyadejwanich P, Tanthapanichakoon W, Nakagawa K, Mukai SR, Tamon H (2003) Preparation and characterization of mesoporous activated carbon from waste tires. Carbon 41:157–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Allen JL, Gatz JL, Eklund PC (1999) Applications for activated carbons from used tires: butane working capacity. Carbon 37:1485–1489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cunlie AM, Williams PT (1998) Composition of oils derived from the batch pyrolysis of tyres. J Anal Appl Pyrol 44(2):431–452Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tirthankar Mukherjee
    • 1
  • Sadhan Kumar Ghosh
    • 2
  • Mehabub Rahaman
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Consortium of Researchers in International Collaboration (CRIC)Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations