Circular Economy Through Treatment and Management of Industrial Wastewater

  • Sadhan Kumar GhoshEmail author
  • Tirthankar Mukherjee
Conference paper


The circular economy at present is one of the very important subjects for consideration by all the countries in the world. It helps in achieving the sustainable development and effective resource utilization. Starting from the conceptual stage of an entity, a product or service, the Circular economy concept has to be applied to get the maximum life cycle. Water is the lifeline of all life across the globe, be it mankind, animal, plants, etc. Around two-thirds of the entire population has admittance to upgraded sanitation [1]. Sewer networks are only common in rich countries, in the urban areas of China, and in countries like Latin America. Most of the people in evolving countries depend on some method of distributed or self-provided facilities, sometimes with the help of NGO but usually without any support from the central authorities. This study has explored the possible avenues to implement the circular economy concept in the wastewater management.


Circular economy Wastewater Treatment Legislation 


  1. 1.
    UNICEF/WHO (2015) Progress on sanitation and drinking water—2015 update and MDG assessment. 1. Water supply—standards. 2. Sanitation—trends. 3. Drinking water—supply and distribution. 4. Program evaluation. ISBN 978 92 4 150914 5 (NLM classification: WA 670)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    United Nations world water assessment programme (WWAP) (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Förster (2014) Wastewater treatment and technologyGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    FAO (2013) FAOSTAT database collections. Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. Rome. Access date: 2013-04-22.
  5. 5.
    United Nations World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP) (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    UN-Water (2015) The United Nations World Water Development Report 2015 ; ISBN 978-92-3-100071-3 ePub ISBN 978-92-3-100099-7Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sato T, Qadir M, Yamamoto S, Endo T, Zahoor A (2013) Global, regional, and country level need for data on wastewater generation, treatment, and use, Agricultural Water Management, vol. 130, pp 1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shadman F (2013) Recovery and recycling of industrial wastewater by hybrid processes. In: Economic sustainability and environmental protection in Mediterranean countries through clean manufacturing methods. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 19–34Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Circular economy solutions to water shortages, Mar 2017. Report, Ellen MacArthur FoundationGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Climate change indicators in the United States (2016). EPA, USAGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gerber PJ, Steinfeld H, Henderson B, Mottet A, Opio C, Dijkman J, Falcucci A, Tempio G (2013) Tackling climate change through livestock—a global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), RomeGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Grady CL Jr, Daigger GT, Love NG, Filipe CD (2011) Biological wastewater treatment. CRC pressGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
    Hutton G, Haller L (2004) Evaluation of the costs and benefits of water and sanitation improvements at the global level. Water sanitation hygiene, WHO reference number: WHO/SDE/WSH/04.04Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    The United Nations world water development report (2015)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    The United Nations world water development report (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Winblad U, Simpson-Hébert M (2004) Ecological sanitation—revised and enlarged edition. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm.
  20. 20.
    WWF annual report (2015), 250Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Consortium of Researchers in International Collaboration (CRIC)Jadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringJadavpur UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations