Advertisement

Vocational Education and Training for Hospitality and Tourism Industry in India

  • Saurabh Kumar Dixit
  • Hakamelamphylla Mawroh
Chapter
Part of the Perspectives on Asian Tourism book series (PAT)

Abstract

The future economic growth rate and employment generation capacity of any nation depend on the knowledge and skill of its local workforce. In India, the tourism and hospitality industry continues to experience a critical shortage of a qualified and skilled workforce. Currently, only 2.3% of the Indian workforce has undergone skills training, resulting in the need for a substantial investment in vocational education and training. The Skill India initiative of the Government of India seeks to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 300 million people by 2022, with a total outlay of USD 234 million. This chapter aims to offer an insight into the present scenario, latest developments and future potential of vocational education and training in the context of the Indian hospitality and tourism industries. The chapter analyses the existing system of hospitality and tourism vocational education and the skill development initiatives of both public and private sector organisations.

Keywords

Tourism Skill Vocational education Workforce Training India 

References

  1. Airey, D. (2005). Growth and development. In D. Airey & J. Tribe (Eds.), An international handbook of tourism education (pp. 13–24). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Airey, D., & Tribe, J. (2000). Education for hospitality. In C. Lashley & A. Morrison (Eds.), Search of hospitality: Theoretical perspectives and debates (pp. 285–297). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.Google Scholar
  3. Bansal, S. P. (2006). Tourism education in India: A qualitative and quantitative analysis. In D. S. Bharadwaj, K. K. Kamra, & M. Chaudhary (Eds.), Tourism education: An emerging essential (pp. 63–84). New Delhi, India: Kanishka Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Biswakarma, G. (2016). Relationship of tourism academic, employability abilities & skills and human resource development in Nepalese tourism industry. International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management, 3(2), 20–35.Google Scholar
  5. Chand, M., & Dahiya, A. (2008). Hospitality education and advisory committees in Indian universities: An analysis of academic success. Asian Journal of Transfusion Science, 3, 115–128.Google Scholar
  6. Daniel, A., Costa, R., Pita, M., & Costa, C. (2017). Tourism education: What about entrepreneurial skills? Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 30, 65–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dewra, S. (n.d.). Top institutions of hospitality and tourism management education in India. Retrieved January 19, 2018, from https://www.careerguide.com/ask/t/top-institutions-of-hospitality-and-tourism-management-education-in-india
  8. Duckworth, E. (1964). Piaget rediscovered. The Arithmetic Teacher, 11(7), 496–499.Google Scholar
  9. Government of India. (2014). Demand responsive vocational training. New Delhi, India: Directorate General of Employment and Training, Ministry of Labour & Employment.Google Scholar
  10. Government of India. (2015). Skill development in India. New Delhi, India: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry. Retrieved August 26, 2017, from http://www.kas.de/wf/doc/kas_42848-1522-2-30.pdf?151016072126
  11. Indira Gandhi National Open University. (2017). School of Tourism and Hospitality Service Management (SOTHSM): Introduction. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from http://www.ignou.ac.in/ignou/aboutignou/school/sothssm/introduction
  12. Infrastructure Development Finance Company. (2013). India infrastructure report 2012: Private sector in education. New Delhi, India: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Inui, Y., Wheeler, D., & Lankford, S. (2006). Rethinking tourism education: What should schools teach. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 5(2), 35–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jithendran, K. J., & Baum, T. (2000). Human resources development and sustainability: The case of Indian tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research, 2, 403–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaushik, K. (2014). Vocational education in India. International Journal of Education and Information Studies, 4(1), 55–58.Google Scholar
  16. Klynveld Peat Marwick Goerdeler. (2016). India soars higher [Report]. India: Author. Retrieved August 10, 2017, from https://home.kpmg.com/in/en/home/insights/2018/01/make-in-india-soars-ease-of-doing-business-fdi.html
  17. Kukreti, M. (2007). Determining the responsibility for quality HR development in tourism sector. In S. C. Bagri, S. K. Gupta, & R. K. Dhodi (Eds.), HRD practices in travel & tourism sector (pp. 69–85). Dehradun, India: Winsar Publishing House.Google Scholar
  18. Kumar, A. (2017). What is the percentage of youth in India. Retrieved January 10, 2018, from https://www.quora.com/What-is-percentage-of-youth-in-India
  19. Kumar, M. (2014). Hospitality education in India: Present status, challenges and opportunities. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 3(2), 1–12.Google Scholar
  20. Ladkin, A. (2005). Careers and employment. In D. Airey & J. Tribe (Eds.), An international handbook of tourism education (pp. 437–450). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. List of hospitality tourism colleges in India. (n.d.). In Careers 360: A career is a life. Retrieved January 19, 2018, from https://hospitality.careers360.com/colleges/list-of-hospitality-tourism-colleges-in-India?page=1&sort_filter=pop
  22. Mehrotra, S., Raman, R., Kalaiyarasan, & Kumra, N. (2014). Vocational education and training reform in India: Learning from good practices at home and abroad, IAMR Report No. 1/2014. New Delhi, India: Institute of Applied Manpower Research.Google Scholar
  23. Morgan, J. (2004). From production line to drama school: Higher education for the future of tourism. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 16(2), 91–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. National Skill Development Corporation India. (2017). About us. Retrieved August 18, 2017, from https://www.nsdcindia.org/about-us
  25. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2016). OECD tourism trends and policies 2016. Paris: OECD Publishing Retrieved June 7, 2017, from https://www.oecd.org/industry/tourism/Tourism2016-Highlights_Web_Final.pdf Google Scholar
  26. Singh, S. (1997). Developing human resources for the tourism industry with reference to India. Tourism Management, 18(5), 299–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Singh, S., & Singh, T. V. (2005). India. In D. Airey & J. Tribe (Eds.), An international handbook of tourism education (pp. 191–210). Oxford, UK: Elsevier.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Singh, T. V. (1975). Tourism and tourist industry of U.P. New Delhi, India: New Heights.Google Scholar
  29. Skill Development Bureau. (2015). Academic equivalence. New Delhi, India: University Grants Commission Retrieved August 15, 2017, from http://www.ugc.ac.in/skill/Academic_equivalance.html Google Scholar
  30. Tribe, J. (2001). Research paradigms and the tourism curriculum. Journal of Travel Research, 39, 442–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tribe, J. (2002). The philosophic practitioner. Annals of Tourism Research, 29, 338–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. University Grants Commission, India. (n.d.). Guidelines for introduction of Bachelor of Vocation (B.Voc.) programme in universities and colleges under the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF). Retrieved August 18, 2017, from https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/8083296_B-Vocation-ver-0.4-Final.pdf
  33. World Travel & Tourism Council. (2015). Global talent trends and issues for the travel & tourism sector [Report]. London: Author. Retrieved August 10, 2017, from https://www.wttc.org/-/media/382bb1e90c374262bc951226a6618201.ashx
  34. Yunis, E. (2009, March 30–April 2). World Tourism Organization statistics and tourism satellite account. Paper presented at the 5th UNWTO International Conference on Tourism Statistics, Tourism: An Engine for Employment Creation, Bali, Indonesia.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saurabh Kumar Dixit
    • 1
  • Hakamelamphylla Mawroh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Tourism & Hotel ManagementNorth-Eastern Hill UniversityShillongIndia

Personalised recommendations