The Push-Pull Model of Motivation: An Analysis of Chinese Polytechnic Students’ Motivation to Pursue Degree Completion in Canada

  • Eugene ThomlinsonEmail author
  • Rebecca Wilson-Mah
Part of the Perspectives on Asian Tourism book series (PAT)


This study applied a push-pull model of motivation to analyse push-pull factors that support and encourage a student at a Chinese Polytechnic to continue his or her studies in Canada at a Canadian university. Without first understanding the push-pull factors that impact student motivations, institutions may find their international twinning agreements are less successful than anticipated. A survey was shared in-class, in Years 1, 2 and 3 in a Chinese Polytechnic, with 202 students (100%) completing the survey. The study suggested that, at this Chinese Polytechnic, the tourism and hospitality diploma students are not primarily motivated by applied studies in tourism and hospitality; furthermore, only 10% of students reported a desire to continue degree studies in China or Canada. These findings present significant implications for the future viability of the twinning programme arrangement. Student data on push-pull factors provide useful knowledge about motivational influences that can, in turn, support decision-making and recruitment forecasting between transnational higher education partners. In particular, this study contributes to our understanding of the micro-level push-pull factors that affect student motivation to continue offshore studies in one specific agreement context.


Push-pull model Higher education Student motivation China Canada 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Royal Roads UniversityVictoriaCanada

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