Single Women’s Exodus from Botswana

  • Camilla May Cockerton


The post-1920 period witnessed significant changes in the migration of Tswana women from the Bechuanaland Protectorate to South Africa, in particular the emergence of new categories of the female migrant—the divorced, deserted, widowed, childless, and “single woman” migrant. Throughout Southern Africa, indigenous women were making step-by-step migrations with the Witwatersrand as their final destination. One of the major spatial features of post-1920 women’s migrancy was the fact that the migrants increasingly came from all parts of the Protectorate. After increasing steadily through the 1920s, the volume of Tswana female migration escalated dramatically in the early 1930s, a trend which continued for the next two decades. This chapter explores the volume, demography, source areas, and spatial patterning of female migrancy.


Single women Exodus Volume Demography Documentation Step-by-step migration Source areas Categories of female migrancy Spatial features Temporal features Motives Household dynamics 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilla May Cockerton
    • 1
  1. 1.Independent ResearcherWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations