Musculoskeletal Disorders: Office Menace
Worldwide, work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the primary cause of physical disability, today. There are (a) nerve-related (carpal tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome), (b) tendon-related (epicondylitis, tenosynovitis, De Quervain’s syndrome), (c) bursa-related ( bursitis), (d) circulatory ( Raynaud’s disease), and (e) muscle-related ( tension neck syndrome) disorders. The injuries from repetitive stressing of a body part encompass several terminologies, such as Repetitive Stress Injury/Disorder, Repetitive Strain Injury/Disorder, and Repetitive Motion Injury/Disorder. Overuse Syndrome is a condition when a person has overused a part of the body to the point of injury. Cumulative Trauma Disorder occurs through the buildup of trauma over time. Office work and working with computers are common risk factors behind the prevalence of MSDs, as the fall out of long hours of uninterrupted keying, unsupported forearm posture, non-optimal location of the mouse, monitor height, and insufficient work surface. A survey questionnaire is included to explore commonly occurring work-related MSDs, and ergonomics incompatibility and risk factor(s) resulting in different nature of MSDs.
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