Syphilis: The “Great Imitator”

  • Ning Fan
  • Xuyang Liu
  • Jiantao Wang
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


Syphilis is a chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum. It can invade any structure of the eyes, and its clinical symptoms are complicated and variable. The manifestations of the disease can be similar with those of many other diseases, and therefore it’s usually called “the great imitator” [1]. The disease can lead to various damages to the visual field, and careful differentiations are required. Three syphilis cases are introduced in this section, and they are special cases with different fundus manifestations and visual field impairments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning Fan
    • 1
  • Xuyang Liu
    • 2
    • 1
  • Jiantao Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina

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