The Ocular Manifestation of Turner Syndrome

  • Ning Fan
  • Xuyang Liu
  • Jiantao Wang
Part of the Advances in Visual Science and Eye Diseases book series (AVSED, volume 2)


Turner syndrome is a sex chromosome disease caused by abnormalities in chromosome number or structure. Ocular dysplasia can be found in such patients [1, 2]. The visual field change in a Turner syndrome case is introduced in this section, and karyotypic abnormalities and chimerism are also analyzed.


  1. 1.
    Denniston AK, Butler L. Ophthalmic features of Turner’s syndrome. Eye. 2004;18(7):680–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wikiera B, Mulak M, Koltowska-Haggstrom M, et al. The presence of eye defects in patients with Turner syndrome is irrespective of their karyotype. Clin Endocrinol. 2015;83(6):842–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hjerrild BE, Mortensen KH, Gravholt CH. Turner syndrome and clinical treatment. Br Med Bull. 2008;86(86):77–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Birkebaek NH, Crüger D, Hansen J, et al. Fertility and pregnancy outcome in Danish women with Turner syndrome. Clin Genet. 2002;61(1):35–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. & People's Medical Publishing House, PR of China 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ning Fan
    • 1
  • Xuyang Liu
    • 2
    • 1
  • Jiantao Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Shenzhen Eye Hospital, Shenzhen UniversityShenzhenChina
  2. 2.Xiamen Eye Center of Xiamen UniversityXiamenChina

Personalised recommendations