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Quorum Sensing and Its Role in Agrobacterium Mediated Gene Transfer

  • Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
  • Titash Dutta
  • Surekha Challa
Chapter

Abstract

Quorum sensing (QS) is a bacterial communication mechanism where individual cells produce and respond to small chemical signals. Literature reports activities such as conjugal transfer of the Ti plasmid; production of specific enzymes, exopolysaccharide, antibiotics, cyanide (HCN), hemolysin, neuraminidase, pyocyanin and rhamnolipid; cell division, bioluminescence, expression of rhizosphere genes and swarming motility are modulated by QS system in different bacteria. Role of QS system, chemical signals, and regulators of QS in replication as well as horizontal transfer of tumor inducing (Ti) plasmid is well established. In this chapter, we review the importance of different types of QS systems, chemical signaling molecules and regulators in Agrobacterium tumefaciens to gain more insights in understanding the conjugal transfer of Ti plasmid.

Keywords

Quorum sensing system Chemical signals Quorum sensors Agrobacterium tumefaciens 

Notes

Acknowledgement

CS, NNR and TD are grateful to GITAM (Deemed to be University) for providing necessary facilities to carry out the research work and for extending constant support in writing this chapter. TD is thankful for financial support in the form of DST Inspire Fellowship (IF 160964), Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nageswara Rao Reddy Neelapu
    • 1
  • Titash Dutta
    • 1
  • Surekha Challa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and BioinformaticsGITAM Institute of Science, Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM)VisakhapatnamIndia

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