Soil Remediation Through Algae, Plants and Animals

  • Bhupendra Koul
  • Pooja Taak


There is an expanding enthusiasm for utilizing algal species for remediation of organic (hydrocarbons) and inorganic pollutants (heavy metals) in soils. Several algal species have been isolated which have potential to remediate the polluted soils and wastewaters. Phytoremediation mechanisms, although not quick but, have the potential to restore the polluted soils. This strategy is centred on the mutual act of plants and the microbial communities related with them to remove, degrade, transform or immobilize the noxious contaminants present in sediments, soils, surface water and ground water. Even though various chemical, physical, and biological methods have been developed and suggested but, phytoremediation is the ideal, innovative, as well as the safest method for removing toxic metals without any noticeable side effects. Some lower animals take in heavy metals from soil and further degrade, remove or lower their toxicity. It has also been reported that earthworm has significant potential to augment the stable fraction and to retard mobile fraction of heavy metals. This chapter discusses the advantanges and the concerns related to soil remediation mediated through aglae, plants and animals.


Heavy metals Phytoremediation Hyperaccumulator Rhizofiltration Phytotransformation Phytostabilization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhupendra Koul
    • 1
  • Pooja Taak
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Bioengineering & BiosciencesLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia

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