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In Situ Soil Remediation Strategies

  • Bhupendra Koul
  • Pooja Taak
Chapter

Abstract

Physical remediation of polluted soil is one of the in situ remediation strategies, generally involves disintegration of the contaminants by methods such as evaporation, heating or washing. These methods are based on the principles used for the extraction of desired metal from their respective mineral ores. Suitability and efficacy of physical separation technique depends upon type of the soil, shape, distribution and size of the contaminant, amount of humus, moisture and clay in the soil. These techniques can be used for the extraction/removal of both inorganic and organic contaminants from polluted soils and involves low operational cost. The selection of the most suitable physical treatment largely depends on the type of contaminated soil and type of the contaminant (organic or inorganic). Most commonly these techniques are applicable to the soils of industrialized urban areas (contaminated through anthropogenic activities). The present chapter discusses various physical methods of soil remediation including physical separation, soil flushing, volatilization, froth flotation and thermal heating.

Keywords

Physical separation Soil flushing Thermal remediation Froth flotation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhupendra Koul
    • 1
  • Pooja Taak
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Bioengineering & BiosciencesLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia

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