Ex situ Soil Remediation Strategies

  • Bhupendra Koul
  • Pooja Taak


Ex situ techniques involves the treatment of contaminated soil, away from the polluted site. Ex situ bioremediation can be operated in two ways which include solid phase bioremediation and slurry phase bioremediation. Besides its high cost, these techniques are highly efficient, easy to control, faster and have great potential to treat large number of contaminants from the soil. Ex situ techniques involve land farming, biopile, windrow, soil washing, composting, bioreactor, ion exchange, adsorption/absorption, pyrolysis and ultrasound technology. These techniques can be successfully applied for the treatment of fuel hydrocarbons, halogenated and non-halogenated organic compounds as well as for various pesticides.


Ex situ Composting Bioreactor Land farming Pyrolysis 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhupendra Koul
    • 1
  • Pooja Taak
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Bioengineering & BiosciencesLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia

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