Advertisement

General Background and Introduction

  • Pratima Bajpai
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Energy book series (BRIEFSENERGY)

Abstract

Fossil fuel sources are getting exhausted and contribute to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions which leads to many negative effects. Hence, biofuels are being explored to replace fossil fuels. Biofuels are favourable choice of fuel consumption due to their renewability, biodegradability and generating acceptable quality exhaust gases. Third generation biofuels derived from microalgae are considered to be a viable alternative energy resource devoid of the major drawbacks associated with first and second generation biofuels. This chapter presents general background and introduction on third generation biofuels from algae.

Keywords

Fossil fuel Greenhouse gas Biofuels Microalgae Third generation biofuels Biomass Photosynthetic microorganisms 

References

  1. Alam F, Date A, Rasjidin R, Mobin S, Moria H, Baqui A (2012) Biofuel from algae – is it a viable alternative? Procedia Eng 49:221–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Behera S, Mohanty RC, Ray RC (2014) Batch ethanol production from cassava (Manihotesculenta Crantz.) flourusing Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells immobilized in calcium alginate. Ann Microbiol 65:779–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boyce AN, Chowd-Hury P, Naqiuddin M (2008) Biodiesel fuel production from algae a srenewable energy. Am J Biochem Biotechnol 4:250–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brennan L, Owende P (2010) Biofuels from microalgae – a review of technologies for production, processing, and extractions of biofuels and co-products. Renew Sust Energ Rev 14:557–577CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Choi W, Han J, Lee C, Song C, Kim J, Seo Y (2012) Bioethanol production from Ulvapertusa kjellman by high-temperature liquefaction. Chem Biochem Eng 26:15–21Google Scholar
  6. Crutzen PJ, Mosier AR, Smith KA, Winiwarter W (2007) N2O release fromagro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels. Atmos Chem Phys 7:11191–11205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Demirbas A (2007) Progress and recent trends in biofuels. Prog Energy Combust Sci 33:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dragone G, Fernandes B, Vicente AA, Teixeira JA (2010) Third generation biofuels from microalgae. In: Mendez-Vilas A (ed) Current research, technology and education topics in applied microbiology and microbial biotechnology. Formatex, Badajoz, pp 1355–1366Google Scholar
  9. Escobar JC, Lora ES, Venturini OJ, Yanez EE, Castillo EF, Almazan O (2009) Biofuels: environment, technology and food security. Renew Sust Energ Rev 13:1275e87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goldemberg J, Guardabassi P (2009) Are biofuels a feasible option? Energy Policy 37:10–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hannon M, Gimpel J, Tran M, Rasala B, Mayfield S (2010) Biofuels from algae: challenges and potential. Biofuels 1:763–784CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hsueh HT, Chu H, Yu ST (2007) A batch study on the bio-fixation of carbon dioxide in the absorbed solution from a chemical wet scrubber by hot spring and marine algae. Chemosphere 66:878–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hughes AD, Kelly MS, Black KD, Stanley MS (2012) Biogas from macroalgae: is it time to revisit the idea? Biotechnol Biofuels 5:1–7.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-5-86 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marques AE, Barbosa AT, Jotta J, Coelho MC, Tamagnini P, Gou-veia L (2011) Biohydrogen production by Anabaena sp.PCC7120 wild-type and mutants under different conditions: light, nickel, propane, carbon dioxide and nitrogen. Biomass Bioenergy 35:4426–4434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Mobin S, Chowdhury H (2015) Third generation biofuel from algae. Procedia Eng 105:763–768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nigam PS, Singh A (2011) Production of liquid biofuels from renewable resources. Prog Energy Combust Sci 37(1):52–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rajkumar R, Yaakob Z, Takriff MS (2014) Potential of the micro and macroalgae for biofuel production: a brief review. Bioresources 9:1606–1633Google Scholar
  18. Saqib A, Tabbssum MR, Rashid U, Ibrahim M, Gill SS, Mehmood MA (2013) Marine macroalgae Ulva: a potential feed-stock for bioethanol and biogas production. Asian J Agri Biol 1:155–163Google Scholar
  19. Scott SA, Davey MP, Dennis JS, Horst I, Howe CJ, Lea-Smith DJ, Smith AG (2010) Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects. Curr Opin Biotechnol 21:277–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shuping Z, Yulong W, Mingde Y, Kaleem I, Chun L, Tong J (2010) Production and characterization of bio-oil from hydrothermal liquefaction of micro algae Dunaliella tertiolecta cake. Energy 35:5406–5411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Singh A, Rathore D (2017) Biohydrogen production: sustainability of current technology and future perspective. Springer, New DelhiCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Singh A, Olsen SI, Nigam PS (2011) A viable technology to generate thirdgeneration biofuel. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 86:1349–1353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Singh R, Behera S, Yadav YK, Kumar S (2014) Potential of wheat straw for biogas production using thermophiles. In: Kumar S, Sarma AK, Tyagi SK, Yadav YK (eds) Recent advances in bio-energy research. SSS- National Institute of Renewable Energy, Kapurthala, pp 242–249Google Scholar
  24. Tamer E, Amin MA, Ossama ET, Bo M, Benoit G (2006) Biological treatment of industrial wastes in a photobioreactor. Water Sci Technol 53:117–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Thomas DN (2002) Seaweeds. Smithsonian Books, Natural History Museum, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  26. Wang Y (2013) Microalgae as the third generation biofuel: production, usage, challenges and prospects. Uppsala University, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  27. Yanqun L, Mark H, Nan W, Christopher QL, Nathalie DC (2008) Biofuels from microalgae. Biotechnol Prog 24:815–820Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pratima Bajpai
    • 1
  1. 1.Pulp and Paper ConsultantKanpurIndia

Personalised recommendations