Tumors and Related Lesions of the Retinal Pigmented Epithelium
There are a variety of pigment epithelial tumors, including benign and malignant types. Some are considered congenital such as congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) (solitary and multifocal), congenital simple hamartoma, and torpedo maculopathy. Some are presumed acquired such as adenoma and adenoma of the pigment epithelium. These lesions can clinically simulate malignant tumors, particularly malignant melanoma of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid (Shields and Shields 2015; Shields and Shields 2017a, b, c).
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