Advertisement

Adaptive Process Management: Dynamic Actions Toward Sustainable Societies

  • Taisuke Miyauchi
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

As we saw in the previous chapters, in order to create a sustainable local environment, scientists and local citizens need to be interactively involved in solution-orientated knowledge production; furthermore, it is important that they are able to visualize sharable values. Yet, the difficulty is that nature and society are both laden with uncertainties – so, from the outset, answers are not clear to questions such as how to create knowledge and how to create social institutions. Fixed institutions and fixed values may seem to work well for a while, but will, eventually fail to do so. At that point, the dynamics of nature and society need to be recognized, requiring changing to a method that places importance on a process that is constantly on the move. The following five points are the keys to handling such a process: (1) recognize plural values, (2) avoid setting a single goal (prepare multiple goals and multiple institutions), (3) aim for a multifaceted dynamic consensus building (not one where the stakeholders are merely brought together to confirm the unification of opinion), (4) learn collaboratively, and (5) achieve interactive support in an adaptive manner.

References

  1. Folke C, Hahn T, Olsson P, Norberg J (2005) Adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Annu Rev Environ Resour 30:441–473CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Hirakawa Z (2005) Preservation of publicness over time within a Citizens’s movement: the activities of the Horohira Midori Kaigi and the Horohira Midori Zukuri Group (継続的な市民参加における公共性の担保-ホロヒラみどり会議・ホロヒラみどりづくりの会の6年). J Environ Social 11:160–173 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. Holling CS (ed) (1978) Adaptive environmental assessment and management. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  4. Kuroda S (2005) Consensus building from a disagreement on a river improvement project: the environmental improvement project of Nishino River, Sapporo (河川改修をめぐる不合意からの合意形成--札幌市西野川環境整備事業にかかわるコミュニケーションから). J Environ Sociol 13:158–172 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  5. Miyauchi T (ed) (2013) Why does environmental conservation fail?(なぜ環境保全はうまくいかないのか). Shinsensha, Tokyo, 348pp (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  6. Olsson P, Gunderson LH, Carpenter SR, Ryan P, Lebel L, Folke C, Holling CS (2006) Shooting the rapids: navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social-ecological systems. Ecol Soc 11(1):18Google Scholar
  7. Shinohara H (2004) Political science for citizens: what is deliberative democracy? (市民の政治学-討議デモクラシーとは何か). Iwanami Shoten, Tokyo, p 210 in JapaneseGoogle Scholar
  8. Tomita R (2014) Environmental ethics for nature regeneration: toward regeneration from restoration (自然再生の環境倫理―復元から再生へ). Showado, Kyoto, p 236 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. Yamamoto S, Tsuka K (2013) Major pillars for deciding and conserving “desirable landscape”: Tanesashikaigan in Aomori prefecture as a overlapped “protected area” (「望ましい景観」の決定と保全の主体をめぐって:重複する「保護地域」としての青森県種差海岸). In: Miyauchi T (ed) Why does environmental conservation fail? Shinsensha, Tokyo, pp 122–146Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations