Salmon-Safe Certification in the Pacific Northwest of the United States

  • Kevin Scribner
  • Reiko OmotoEmail author
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)


Salmon-Safe is the place-specific sustainability certification and eco-label program in the Pacific Northwest region of the United Sates. Salmon-Safe’s mission is to transform land management practices so salmon can thrive in West Coast watersheds. Its core strategy is to use an eco-label certification program to inspire and incentivize water quality protection and habitat conservation on working landscapes. What makes Salmon-Safe innovative and different from other eco-label schemes is that Salmon-Safe’s coverage is defined by the watershed of Columbia River basin (state of Oregon, Washington and a part of California and British Columbia in Canada). There have been over 800 agricultural and urban landowners across the Pacific Northwest Region working to eliminate runoff from fields, reduce and alternate harmful pesticide and chemical use, and restore streamside habitat; certified entries include vineyards, hop fields, Nike’s headquarter in Portland and City of Portland’s entire services. Salmon-Safe values the collaboration with other certification and conservation programs and this makes the organization able to reach throughout the Columbia River basin, which is equivalent in size as France, with just one staff member, its Executive Director, from 1996 to 2014.


  1. Behnke R (2002) Trout and salmon of North America. Free Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Collins GB (1976) Effects of dams on pacific salmon and steelhead trout. Mar Fish Rev 38:39–46Google Scholar
  3. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  4. Environment Protection Agency. Summary of the Clean Water Act. Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  5. Harrison J (2008) Northwest power act. Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  6. Lichatowich J (2001) Salmon without rivers: A history of the pacific salmon crisis. Island Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  7. National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. The Columbia basin water transactions program. Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  8. National Oceanic and Atomospheric Administration. Endangered Species Act (ESA). Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  9. Nehlsen W, Williams JE, Lichatowich JA (1991) Pacific salmon at the crossroads: stocks at risk from California, Oregon, Idaho, and Washington. Fisheries 16(2):4–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ruggles CP, Murray DG (1983) A review of fish response to spillways. Government of Canada: Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences No 1172Google Scholar
  11. Salmon Nation. Accessed 28 Mar 2017
  12. Yakima Chief-Hopunion (2016) Great beer grows here (Sustainability Report 2016). Accessed 28 Mar 2017

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Salmon-SafePortlandUSA
  2. 2.Research Institute for Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan
  3. 3.Tottori UniversityTottoriJapan

Personalised recommendations