The Influence of Microstructure Heterogeneity on Crack Propagation in Welds Using XFEM

  • Junyan NiEmail author
  • J. Vande Voorde
  • J. Antonissen
  • Magd Abdel Wahab
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


In this paper, the effect of local microstructural variation on the crack propagation is studied. The weldment sample is produced by bead-on-plate arc welding process. Resultant bead geometry and the equivalent heat source model are evaluated by the software SimWeld. Those data are imported to ABAQUS to regenerate the temperature field during welding. The volume fractions of product phases in the end are calculated at node using a well-known self-dependent metallurgical algorithm. Two tensile models using extended finite element method (XFEM) are established to analyze the crack growth. One model assumes uniform properties of base material in the whole weldment, while in the other model, the properties are obtained by interpolating with the local phase volume fractions. The power law is used to determine the crack opening. The differences in stress distribution and force-displacement curve demonstrate that the microstructure inhomogeneity does affect the crack propagation. Moreover, by interactively comparing the phase distribution and the crack path, it is found that the crack is incline to grow between the fusion zone (FZ) and heat affected zone (HAZ), where an abrupt change of microstructure happens.


Microstructure heterogeneity XFEM Welding 



The authors would like to acknowledge the MaDurOS project and the support from SIM and VLAIO.


  1. 1.
    Hertele, S., Gubeljak, N., De Waele, W.: Advanced characterization of heterogeneous arc welds using micro tensile tests and a two-stage strain hardening (‘UGent’) model. Int. J. Press. Vessel. Pip. 119, 87–94 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Veritas, D.N.: Fracture control for pipeline installation methods introducing cyclic plastic strain. Recommended Practice DNV-RP-F108 (2006)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jones, S.J., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H.: Kinetics of the simultaneous decomposition of austenite into several transformation products. Acta Mater. 45, 2911–2920 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khan, S.A., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H.: Kinetics of Martensitic-Transformation in partially bainitic 300 m steel. Mater. Sci. Eng. A-Struct. 129, 257–272 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rees, G.I., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H.: Bainite transformation kinetics. Part 1 modified-model. Mater. Sci. Technol. 8, 985–993 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ni, J., Wahab, M.A.: The prediction of residual stress and its influence on the mechanical properties of weld joint. J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 843, 012001 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Belytschko, T., Black, T.: Elastic crack growth in finite elements with minimal remeshing. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Eng. 45, 601–620 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hibbitt, K.: Sorensen: ABAQUS/CAE User’s Manual. Hibbitt, Karlsson & Sorensen, Incorporated (2002)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Guo, W., Francis, J.A., Li, L., Vasileiou, A.N., Crowther, D., Thompson, A.: Residual stress distributions in laser and gas-metal-arc welded high-strength steel plates. Mater. Sci. Technol. 32, 1449–1461 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Borjesson, L., Lindgren, L.E.: Simulation of multipass welding with simultaneous computation of material properties. J. Eng. Mater. Technol. ASME 123, 106–111 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Totten, G.E.: Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel. ASM International, Material Park (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junyan Ni
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. Vande Voorde
    • 2
  • J. Antonissen
    • 2
  • Magd Abdel Wahab
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Energy, Metals, Mechanical Constructions and Systems, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Centre for the Application of Steel (OCAS)ZwijnaardeBelgium
  3. 3.Soete Laboratory, Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureGhent UniversityZwijnaardeBelgium

Personalised recommendations