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Identification of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester in Palm Oil Using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer

  • Sarina SulaimanEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Biodiesel or Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) is a non-toxic, biodegradable alternative fuel that is easy to produce and process from vegetable oil or animal fats. In this chapter, identification of Fatty Acid Methyl Ester in palm oil biodiesel using GCMS has been studied. The main component existed in FAME are Caprylic acid C8:0, Capric acid C10:0, Myristic acid C14:0, Palmitic acid C16:0, Stearic acid C18:0, Oleic acid C18:1, Arachidate acid C20:0 and Docosanoic acid C22:0.

Keywords

Fatty acid methyl ester Palm oil Gas chromatography-mass spectrometer Biodiesel Transesterification Vegetable oil Coconut waste Egg shell Heterogeneous catalyst Chromatogram 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This research was funded by FRGS grant (FRGS 13-079-0320) from the Government of Malaysia.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyyah of EngineeringInternational Islamic University MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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