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Carbon Sequestration in Malaysian Oil Palm Plantations – An Overview

  • Nik Norsyahariati Nik Daud
  • Anijiofor Sandra Chinenyenwa
  • Thomas Hywel Rhys
  • Lum Ken
  • Hosking Lee
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

This paper examines the potential for soil carbon sequestration in the oil palm plantations of Malaysia. Due to the rising awareness of climate change and its negative influence on the environment, the contributions of both human and natural processes towards climate change are being widely studied. In Malaysia, peatlands are used as oil palm plantations and store large amounts of soil organic carbon, which if not maintained could have a serious and negative influence on the environment if allowed to escape to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. The escape of major nutrients including carbon (as carbon dioxide) and nitrogen (as nitrous oxide) as a result of land use change has seriously degraded the peatlands and resulted in a net release of greenhouse gases. Measures to promote carbon sequestration in soil address the soil degradation by preserving and increasing the soil organic carbon pool. This paper addresses the important topics of peatland degradation and the associated carbon sequestration potential by considering: (i) the impact of peatland conversion on soil properties, (ii) relevant factors influencing the soil organic carbon, (iii) the application of biofertiliser and waste biomass to restore depleted soil organic carbon (SOC) pools, (iv) the economic valuation of soil carbon sequestration, and (v) the contribution policy and management practices.

Keywords

Carbon sequestration Peatland Oil palm plantation Soil carbon Biomass 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nik Norsyahariati Nik Daud
    • 1
  • Anijiofor Sandra Chinenyenwa
    • 1
  • Thomas Hywel Rhys
    • 2
  • Lum Ken
    • 2
  • Hosking Lee
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering FacultyUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Geoenvironmental Research Center, Cardiff School of EngineeringCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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