Advertisement

A Preliminary Simulation of CO2-EOR and Storage in One Heavy Oil Carbonate Oilfield Offshore Guangdong, China

  • Pengchun Li
  • Jiemin Lu
  • Di Zhou
  • Xi Liang
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

This paper presents the first study on CO2-EOR potential of the LH11-1 oilfield offshore Guangdong Province, China. LH11-1 field is a reef heavy oilfield (16–23° API), and overall development efficiency is not ideal. In this study, the CO2 flooding potential in LH11-1 field was evaluated through a compositional simulation using the Petrel and CMG-GEM tools. A detailed fluid characterization was performed to accurately represent the reservoir fluid. 1D slim tube and core flood simulations were interpreted to understand the physical mechanisms of oil recovery. A reservoir geological (structure, facies and fluids) model was constructed in Petrel system and the model was calibrated using manual and assisted history matching methods. The natural depletion and continuous CO2 injection scenarios were simulated by GEM. Results indicate that the minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) of crude oil in Liuhua field is approximately 20 MPa. Therefore, the mechanism of oil recovery by CO2 EOR in Liuhua field should be suitable for immiscible CO2 flooding. The continuous CO2 injection would recover an incremental 7% of OOIP in Liuhua field, and the CO2 storage efficiency is relatively high with more than 95.5% of injection CO2 has been stored in the reservoir which indicate an important significance for CO2-EOR and storage potential in offshore carbonate oilfield.

Keywords

CO2-EOR CO2 storage Heavy oil Compositional simulation Offshore carbonate reservoir 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the funding supported by open fund (PLC20180801) of State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation (Chengdu University of Technology), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41372256) and the Key Logic project of Department of Energy, USA (No. K6000-797). We are grateful to Susan Hovorka, Seyyed Hosseini, Núñez-López Vanessa, Reza Ganjdanesh and other stuff in the Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas in Austin for their support and help in all the technical applications of reservoir modelling and simulation.

References

  1. 1.
    IPCC (2005) In: Metz B, Davidson O, Coninck HC, Loos M, Meyer LA (eds) Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Azzolina NA, Nakles DV, Gorecki CD, Peck WD, Ayash SC, Melzer LS, Chatterjee S (2015) CO2 storage associated with CO2 enhanced oil recovery: a statistical analysis of historical operations. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 37:384–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ettehadtavakkol A, Lake LW, Bryant SL (2014) CO2-EOR and storage design optimization. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 25:79–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cuthiell D, Kissel G, Jackson C, Frauenfeld T, Fisher D, Rispler K (2006) Viscous fingering effects in solvent displacement of heavy oil. J Can Pet Technol 45:29–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Story C, Peng P, Sullivan C, Dong LJ (2000) An Integrated Geoscience and Reservoir Simulation Study of The Liuhua 11-1 Field: South China Sea, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC11958, pp 1–11Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu B (2011) Development of Oil and Gas fields of China. Volume of oil and gas fields in eastern South China Sea. Edited by editorial committee of “Development of Oil and Gas fields of China”, Petroleum Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhu W, Mi L (2010) Atlas of Oil and Gas Basins. China Sea Petroleum Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li P, Zhou D, Zhang C, Zhang Y, Peng J (2013) Potential of sub-seafloor CO2 geological storage in Northern South China sea and its importance for CCS development in South China. Energy Procedia 37:5191–5200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li X, Zhou D, Li P, Wu Y, Liang X, Wei N, Haszeldine S, Senior B, Shu Y, Li J, Chen Y (2015) CO2 offshore Storage in China: Research Review and Plan for Demonstration Project, UK-China (Guangdong) CCUS Centre, pp 46Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhou D, Li P, Liang X, Liu M, Wang L (2018) A long-term strategic plan of offshore CO2 transport and storage in northern South China Sea for a low-carbon development in Guangdong province, China. Int J Greenhouse Gas Control 70:76–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhou D, Zhao D, Liu Q, Li X-C, Li J, Gibbons J, Liang X (2013) The GDCCSR project promoting regional CCS-readiness in the Guangdong Province, South China. Energy Procedia 37:7622–7632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heubeck C, Story K, Peng P, Sullivan C, Duff S (2004) An integrated reservoir study of the Liuhua 11-1 field using a high-resolution three-dimensional seismic data set. Seismic Imaging Carbonate Reserv Syst: AAPG Memoir 81:149–168Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Story C, Peng P, Lin JD (2000) Liuhua 11-1 field, South China sea: a shallow carbonate reservoir developed using ultrahigh-resolution 3-D seismic, inversion, and attribute-based reservoir modeling. Lead Edge 19:834–844CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zampetti V, Sattler U, Braaksma H (2005) Well log and seismic character of Liuhua 11-1 Field, South China Sea; relationship between diagenesis and seismic reflections. Sed Geol 175:217–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Turner NL, Zhong HP (1996) The lower Miocene Liuhua carbonate reservoir, Pearl River Mouth Basin, offshore People’s Republic of China. In: Circum-Pacific Energy and Mineral Resources Conference Transactions, Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, pp 657–666Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Moldovanyi EP, Wall FM, Yan ZJ (1995) Regional exposure events and platform evolution of Zhuijang Formation carbonates, Pearl river Mouth Basin: evidence for primary and diagenetic seismic facies. In: Budd DA, Saller AH, Harris PM (eds.) Unconformities and Porosity in Carbonate Strata, pp 125–140. American Association of Petroleum Geologists MemoirGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sattler U, Immenhauser A, Schlager W, Zampetti V (2009) Drowning history of a Miocene carbonate platform (Zhujiang Formation, South China Sea). Sed Geol 219:318–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sattler U, Zampetti V, Schlager W, Immenhauser A (2004) Late leaching under deep burial conditions: a case study from the Miocene Zhujiang Carbonate Reservoir, South China Sea. Mar Pet Geol 21:977–992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Liu M, Feng Q, Xiao W, Wu Q, Dan Z (2015) Fast coning of bottom water in bioherm oilfield of LH11–1. J Southwest Pet Univ (Sci Technol Ed) 37:49–56Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Peng CP, Bateman CF, Kaffenes JM, Yanosil JL, Liu H (1994) Extended production tests in the Liuhua 11-1 reservoir. SPE Reserv Eng 169–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhai G, Wang S (1990) Petroleum geology of China, Vol. 16, Oil and gas bearing areas on the continental shelf and ints neighbouring regions, in, Petroleum Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhu W, Mi L, Zhang H (2010) Atlas of Oil and Gas Basins, China Sea. Petroleum Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Zhou S (2009) Development Practices of Typical Oilfield Offshore China. Petroleum Industry Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    CMG (2010)GEM User’s Guide. Computer Modeling Group Ltd. (CMG), CalgaryGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hulea IN, Nicholls CA (2012) Carbonate rock characterization and modeling: capillary pressure and permeability in multimodal rocks—a look beyond sample specific heterogeneity. AAPG Bull 96:1627–1642CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hulea IN (2013) Capillary pressure and permeability prediction in carbonate rocks - new methods for fractures detection and accurate matrix properties prediction. In: SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Manama, Bahrain, pp 1–7Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory of Ocean and Marginal Sea GeologySouth China Sea Institute of OceanologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and ExploitationChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina
  3. 3.Bureau of Economic GeologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  4. 4.UK-China (Guangdong) CCUS CentreGuangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations