Modeling Solute Transport Through Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeated with Inorganic Solutions

  • Francesco MazzieriEmail author
  • Evelina Fratalocchi
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


GCLs are employed in containment applications, where both advection and diffusion need to be evaluated as possible migration mechanisms of contaminants. Permeation column tests were carried out on a GCL using two synthetic multispecies inorganic solutions of different ionic strength and containing equimolar concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Zn, Cu). The hydraulic conductivity (k) of the GCL to inorganic solutions increased by one order of magnitude relative to permeation with water. The solute breakthrough curves were interpreted using the software Pollute®, which allows modeling solute transport in case of variable transport parameters and nonlinear equilibrium sorption. The experimental data were best fitted by assuming effective diffusion coefficients of solute species increasing with time.


Geosynthetic Clay Liners Permeability Migration Modeling 


  1. Bouchelaghem F, Jozja M (2009) Multi-scale study of permeability evolution of a bentonite clay owing to pollutant transport: part II. Application to a MG-bentonite. Eng Geol 108:286–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jo HY, Benson CH, Edil TB (2004) Hydraulic conductivity and cation exchange in non-prehydrated and prehydrated bentonite permeated with weak inorganic salt solutions. Clays Clay Min 52(6):661–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Lake CB, Cardenas G, Goreham V, Gagnon GA (2007) Aluminum migration through a geosynthetic clay liner. Geosynth Int 14(4):201–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lange K, Rowe RK, Jamieson H (2007) Metal retention in geosynthetic clay liners following permeation by different mining solutions. Geosynth Int 14(3):178–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Lange K, Rowe RK, Jamiesion H (2009) Diffusion of metals in geosynthetic clay liners. Geosynth Int 16(1):11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mazzieri F (2012) Assessment of heavy metals retention in GCLs by column and batch tests. GSP 225, GeoCongress 2012, ASCE, Reston/VA, pp 3447–3456Google Scholar
  7. Mazzieri F, Di Sante M, Fratalocchi E (2015) Dilution effect of the apparatus on contaminant transport parameters assessed by column testing. J Geotech Geoenv Engrg 141(9)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mazzieri F, Di Emidio G, Fratalocchi E, Di Sante M, Pasqualini E (2013) Permeation of two GCLs with an acidic metal-rich synthetic leachate. Geotext Geomembr 40(5):1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mazzieri F, Pasqualini E (2016) Hydraulic conductivity and solute transport in two GCLs permeated with a synthetic solution. GSP 273, Geochicago, pp 156–167Google Scholar
  10. Rowe KR, Booker JR (2005) POLLUTE v7. Distributed by GAEA Environmental Engineering Ltd., WhithbyGoogle Scholar
  11. Shackleford CD, Redmond PL (1995) Solute breakthrough curves for processed kaolin at low flow rates. J Geotech Eng 121(1):17–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Souli H, Fleureau J-M, Trabelsi AM, Besnard M (2008) Physicochemical analysis of permeability changes in the presence of zinc. Geoderma 145:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly

Personalised recommendations