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Study on Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Coupling Behaviors of Buffer Material

  • Shengfei Cao
  • Yuemiao Liu
  • Jingli Xie
  • Like Ma
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The concept model of high-level radioactive waste (HLW) repositories in deep geological media is based on a multi-barrier system. Buffer material is considered as an important artificial engineered barrier between the canister and the surrounding rock. Coupled thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) phenomenon will occur in the buffer material under conditions of the heat generated by the radioactive decay and of the underground water and geo-stress supplied by the surrounding rock, et al. Therefore, it is considered of fundamental important for the evaluation of long-term behavior that the processes taking place in the near filed for the safety operation of the HLW repository. Following the need of understanding the coupled THM behaviors of bentonite, mock-up test is considered as one of the most effective approach. An experiment at middle scale whose internal diameter is 20 cm and inner length 45 cm is proposed as a complementary step for the China-Mock-up test. The middle one is carried out to obtain the bentonite parameters and to identify the processes by simulating the conditions of the China-Mock-up test. The aims intended are to know and understand the long-term behavior of the bentonite submitted to thermal and hydraulic gradients at the opposite direction. The characteristics of the bentonite related to swelling pressure, relative humidity and temperature are presented and interpreted. The results can provide design parameter and theoretical basis for HLW repository.

Keywords

High level radioactive waste geological disposal Buffer material Bentonite Thermo-hydro-mechanical coupling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shengfei Cao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yuemiao Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jingli Xie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Like Ma
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Beijing Research Institute of Uranium GeologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.CNNC Key Laboratory on Geological Disposal of High Level Radioactive WasteBeijingChina

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