Advertisement

Temporal Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Imaging of an Oil Release Within a Porous Medium: A Description of Anomalous GPR Characteristics During the Degradation Process and a Contaminated Area Determination Method

  • Shuai Shao
  • Xiujun Guo
  • Hao Ding
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

We present a feasible method to evaluate the ability of ground penetrating radar (GPR) to detect underground oil contaminated areas. An in-situ simulation of the process of underground oil pollution was conducted and GPR was used for 180 consecutive days. Based on detection results, deductions were made regarding the abnormal GPR characteristics collected during the degradation process and the factors influencing these anomalous GPR results. A contaminated area determination method and an oil content analysis method were also developed using GPR results. Results indicated that the oil contaminated area was abnormally characterized by a high-amplitude wave during the initial stage of degradation. In the first 20 days, the ratio of the maximum amplitude and the initial amplitude remained between 0.7 and 0.8. After the 20th day, the ratio reduced, and it reduced to 0.1 after 120 days, which was below a detection level. In addition, the water content in the soil had a large effect on the anomaly; the higher the soil water content, the clear the abnormal characteristics of oil pollution. The area of the abnormal zone was well described using the time-slice method, which is indicated by the amplitude ratio and GPR energy at different positions at the same time. Finally, there was a positive correlation between soil oil content and GPR amplitude, but no quantitative relation was constructed between the two.

Keywords

Oil pollution GPR Degradation Anomaly characteristics Time slice method 

References

  1. 1.
    Sauck WA (2000) A model for the resistivity structure of LNAPL plumes and their environs in sandy sediments. J Appl Geophys 44(2–3):151–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hagrey SAA (2012) GPR application for mapping toluene infiltration in a heterogeneous sand model. J Environ Eng Geophys 9(2):79–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Knight R (2001) Ground penetrating radar for environmental applications. Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 10(10):229–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saarenketo T (1998) Electrical properties of water in clay and silty soils. J Appl Geophys 40(1–3):73–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Silva DDN, Zagatto PJP, Guardani R, Nascimento CAO (2005) Remediation of polluted soils contaminated with linear alkyl benzenes using fenton’s reagent. Braz Arch Biol & Technol 48(spe):257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Glaser DR, Werkema DD, Versteeg RJ, Henderson RD, Rucker DF (2012) Temporal GPR imaging of an ethanol release within a laboratory-scaled sand tank. J Appl Geophys 86(8):133–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Benson AK (1995) Applications of ground penetrating radar in assessing some geological hazards: examples of groundwater contamination, faults, cavities. J Appl Geophys 33(1–3):177–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Guo X-J, Meng Q-S, Wang J-C et al (2007) Leakage detection of underground pressureless industrial waste water pipeline using GPR, electrical and SP method. Prog Geophys 22(1):279–282Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lago AL, Elis VR, Borges WR, Penner GC (2009) Geophysical investigation using resistivity and GPR methods: a case study of a lubricant oil waste disposal area in the city of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. Environ Geol 58(2):407–417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Atekwana EA, Atekwana EA (2010) Geophysical signatures of microbial activity at hydrocarbon contaminated sites: a review. Surv Geophys 31(2):247–283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    McNaughton CH, Mosquera JD, Endres AL, Freitas JG (2011) Monitoring of sequential gasoline-ethanol releases using high frequency ground penetrating radar. In: International conference on ground penetrating radar. IEEE, pp 1–6Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ocean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Environment and Geological EngineeringQingdaoChina

Personalised recommendations