Advertisement

Accumulation of Ammonia via Electrodeionization Barrier for the Groundwater Denitrification

  • Xiao Feng
  • Xu Yang
  • Wen Liao
  • Qiong Ren
  • Haoyue Zheng
  • Zucheng Wu
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

The reformative EDI (electrodeionization) technology was shown to be a useful tool as a newly designed permeable reactive barrier (PRB) system in this study. In the PRB, ion exchange resins was employed as adsorption and biological denitrification media under the action of electric field, which can break water forming dissolved oxygen and H+ and OH ions simultaneously. Ions like \( {\text{NH}}_{ + }^{4} \) can be accumulated and then oxidized to \( {\text{NO}}_{3}^{ - } \) in the concentrated compartment, and the \( {\text{NO}}_{3}^{ - } \) produced together with \( {\text{NH}}_{ + }^{4} \) could be biologically de- nitrificated. For obtaining a high standard effluent, the multistage operation of the PRB device was adopted, satisfactory accumulation and denirification performance were presented. The results show a promising application prospect of the system in treating groundwater pollution.

Keywords

Electrodeionization Ion exchange resins Permeable reactive barrier 

References

  1. 1.
    Moraci N (2010) Heavy metals removal and hydraulic performance in zero-valent iron/pumice permeable reactive barriers. J Environ Manag 91(11):2336–2341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hashim MA (2011) Remediation technologies for heavy metal contaminated groundwater. J Environ Manag 92(10):2355–2388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Erto A (2014) Permeable Adsorptive Barrier (PAB) for the remediation of groundwater simultaneously contaminated by some chlorinated organic compounds. J Environ Manag 140:111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miller DN (2009) Microbial characterization of nitrification in a shallow, nitrogen-contaminated aquifer, Cape Cod, Massachusetts and detection of a novel cluster associated with nitrifying Betaproteobacteria. J Contam Hydrol 103(3–4):182–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhang S (2014) Impacts of temperature and nitrifying community on nitrification kinetics in a moving-bed biofilm reactor treating polluted raw water. Chem Eng J 236:242–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Park JB (2002) Lab scale experiments for permeable reactive barriers against contaminated groundwater with ammonium and heavy metals using clinoptilolite (01-29B). J Hazard Mater 95:65–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Patterson BM (2004) Use of polymer mats in series for sequential reactive barrier remediation of ammonium-contaminated groundwater: field evaluation. Environ Sci Technol 38(24):6846–6854CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yusof N (2010) Nitrification of ammonium-rich sanitary landfill leachate. Waste Manag 30(1):100–109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mousavi S (2012) Sequential nitrification and denitrification in a novel palm shell granular activated carbon twin-chamber upflow bio-electrochemical reactor for treating ammonium-rich wastewater. Bioresour Technol 125:256–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Van Nooten T (2008) Design of a multifunctional permeable reactive barrier for the treatment of landfill leachate contamination: laboratory column evaluation. Environ Sci Technol 42(23):8890–8895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu S (2006) Laboratory column study for remediation of MTBE-contaminated groundwater using a biological two-layer permeable barrier. Water Res 40(18):3401–3408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dong J (2009) Laboratory study on sequenced permeable reactive barrier remediation for landfill leachate-contaminated groundwater. J Hazard Mater 161(1):224–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Van Nooten T (2010) Microbially mediated clinoptilolite regeneration in a multifunctional permeable reactive barrier used to remove ammonium from landfill leachate contamination: laboratory column evaluation. Environ Sci Technol 44(9):3486–3492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wood J (2010) Production of ultrapure water by continuous electrodeionization. Desalination 250(3):973–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dermentzis K (2010) Removal of nickel from electroplating rinse waters using electrostatic shielding electrodialysis/electrodeionization. J Hazard Mater 173(1–3):647–652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Verbeek HM (1998) Digital simulation of an electrodeionization process. Comput Chem Eng 22:S913–S916CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao Feng
    • 1
  • Xu Yang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wen Liao
    • 3
  • Qiong Ren
    • 3
  • Haoyue Zheng
    • 3
  • Zucheng Wu
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Environmental and Municipal EngineeringNorth China University of Water Resources and Electric PowerZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Engineering, Laboratory for Electrochemistry and Energy StorageZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations