Advertisement

Identification of Processes and Migration Parameters for Conservative and Reactive Contaminants in the Soil-Water Environment

  • Anna Sieczka
  • Eugeniusz Koda
  • Anna Miszkowska
  • Piotr Osiński
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

This study was performed to determine parameters of contaminant migration in the soil-water environment. The flow tests were conducted in Trautwein apparatus in conditions of constant head and full saturation. Based on the results of the dynamic studies, the parameters of the advective-dispersion equation of pollutant transport were determined. Results of presented study revealed that the advection dominates during the chloride transport through sandy soil. Ammonium and nitrate ions transport in loam is mainly influenced by diffusion. Obtained values of retardation factors indicate that sorption of ammonium and nitrate ions onto sand can be classified as small. Nitrate ions are adsorbed onto loam with average intensity. For identification of sorption parameters, the “batch” experiment was performed. The interpretation of the sorption phenomena was carried out using Henry, Langmuir, and Freundlich isotherms.

Keywords

Migration Soil Groundwater Ammonium Nitrate Chloride Sorption 

References

  1. American Society for Testing and Materials D5084–00 (2001) Standard test methods for measurement of hydraulic conductivity of saturated porous materials using a flexible wall permeameterGoogle Scholar
  2. Appelo CAJ, Postma D (1999) Geochemistry, Groundwater and Pollution. A.A. Balkema, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  3. Desta MB (2013) Batch sorption experiments: langmuir and freundlich isotherm studies for the adsorption of textile metal ions onto teff straw (Eragrostis tef) agricultural waste. J Thermodyn, 375830Google Scholar
  4. Fetter CW (1999) Contaminant hydrogeology. Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  5. Fronczyk J, Sieczka A, Lech M, Radziemska M, Lechowicz Z (2016) Transport of nitrogen compounds through subsoils in agricultural areas: column tests. Pol J Environ Stud 25:1505–1514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gelhar LW (1992) Critical review of data on field scale dispersion in aquifers. Water Resour Res 28:1955–1974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hölzle I (2017) Contaminants in landfill soils – Reliability of prefeasibility studies. Waste Manag 63:337–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Koda E, Osiński P, Sieczka A, Wychowaniak D (2015) Areal distribution of ammonium contamination of soil-water environment in the vicinity of old municipal landfill site with vertical barrier. Water 7:2656–2672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ogata A, Banks RB (1961) A solution of the differential equation of longitudinal dispersion in porous media. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 411-AGoogle Scholar
  10. Osmęda-Ernst E, Witczak S (1991) Niektóre problemy związane z laboratoryjnymi badaniami parametrów migracji metali ciężkich w wodach podziemnych. Zeszyty Naukowe AGH 1367(31):9–27 (In Polish)Google Scholar
  11. Patil SB, Chore HS (2014) Contaminant transport through porous media: an over-view of experimental and numerical studies. Adv Environ Res 3(1):45–69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Rowe RK, Quigley RM, Brachman RWI, Booker JR (2004) Clayey barrier systems for waste disposal facilities, 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  13. Sieczka A, Koda E (2016a) Kinetic and equilibrium studies of sorption of ammonium in the soil-water environment in agricultural areas of Central Poland. Appl Sci 6:269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Sieczka A, Koda E (2016b) Identification of nitrogen compounds sorption parameters in the soil-water environment of a column experiment. Ochr Srodowiska 38:29–34 (In Polish)Google Scholar
  15. Sieczka A, Koda E (2017) Evaluation of chlorides transport parameters in natural soils based on laboratory studies. In: Cerkal R, Brezinová Belcredi N, Prokešová L, Vacek P (eds) MendelNet 2017, Proceedings of 24th international PhD students conference, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of AgriSciences, vol 24. Czech Republic, Brno, pp 921–926Google Scholar
  16. Sieczka A, Bujakowski F, Falkowski T, Koda E (2018) Morphogenesis of a floodplain as a criterion for assessing the susceptibility to water pollution in an agriculturally rich valley of a lowland river. Water 10:399.  https://doi.org/10.3390/w10040399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Toride N, Leij FJ, van Genuchten MT (1999) The CXTFIT code for estimating transport parameters from laboratory or field tracer experiments. U.S. Salinity Laboratory Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Riverside. Research Report No. 137, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  18. U.S. Department of Agriculture. Soil Conservation Service. Soil Survey Staff (1951) Soil survey manual; agricultural handbook No. 18; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  19. United States Environmental Protection Agency (1992) Batch—type procedures for estimating soil adsorption of chemicals. US EPA/530/SW-87/006-F, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  20. Weber TW, Chakkravorti RK (1974) Pore and solid diffusion models for fixed-bed adsorbers. J Am Inst Chem Eng 20:228–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Sieczka
    • 1
  • Eugeniusz Koda
    • 1
  • Anna Miszkowska
    • 1
  • Piotr Osiński
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Geotechnical EngineeringWarsaw University of Life SciencesWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations