Adsorption Models of Groundwater Remediation by Nanoscale Zero Valent Iron

  • Dantong Lin
  • Zifu Zhang
  • Liming HuEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) has shown great potential in the remediation of contaminated groundwater. For many different types of contaminant, adsorption was the main remediation mechanism, so it is necessary to figure out the adsorption models of remediation by nZVI. In this study, copper ion, phosphate anion and methyl orange were used respectively as simulative pollutants to investigate the remediation capacity of nZVI. Langmuir model and Freudlich model were used to describe the adsorption isotherm. Furthermore, kinetic model was established to describe the remediation process. It was found that nZVI exhibited high efficiency in the remediation of various types of contaminants. This study promoted further understanding of the remediation mechanism and kinetic process of groundwater remediation by nZVI.


Nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) Copper ion Phosphate anion Methyl orange Adsorption isotherm Kinetic model 


  1. 1.
    Kisku D, Abhisekh HS, Singh S et al (2015) In situ remediation technique of groundwater contamination: a review. Int J Adv Res 3(9):1095–1104Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Yan W, Lien HL, Koel BE, et al. (2012) Iron nanoparticles for environmental clean-up: recent developments and future outlook. Environ Sci Processes Impacts 15(1):63–77Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Raychoudhury T, Scheytt T (2013) Potential of iron nanoparticles for remediation of organic contaminants in groundwater. EGU General Assembly Conference, vol 15Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hwang Y, Andersen HR (2014) Application of nanoscale zero valent iron (nZVI) on environmental remediation: limitation and research trend. The Eu-Korea Conference on Science & TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sun YP, Li XQ, Cao J et al (2006) Characterization of zero-valent iron nanoparticles. Adv Coll Interface Sci 120(1–3):47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lin J, Sun M, Liu X, Chen Z (2017) Functional kaolin supported nanoscale zero-valent iron as a fenton-like catalyst for the degradation of direct black g. Chemosphere 184:664CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gupta A, Yunus M, Sankararamakrishnan N (2012) Zerovalent iron encapsulated chitosan nanospheres-a novel adsorbent for the removal of total inorganic arsenic from aqueous systems. Chemosphere 86(2):150–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang H, Zou Z, Xiao X, Chen D, Yang K (2016) Reduction of highly concentrated phosphate from aqueous solution using pectin-nanoscale zerovalent iron (pnzvi). Water Sci Technol J Int Assoc Water Pollution Res 73(11):2689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ryu A, Jeong SW, Jang A, Choi H (2011) Reduction of highly concentrated nitrate using nanoscale zero-valent iron: effects of aggregation and catalyst on reactivity. Appl Catal B 105(1–2):128–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Almeelbi T, Bezbaruah A (2012) Aqueous phosphate removal using nanoscale zero-valent iron. J Nanopart Res 14(7):900CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Solgy M, Taghizadeh M, Ghoddocynejad D (2015) Adsorption of uranium(vi) from sulphate solutions using amberlite ira-402 resin: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics study. Ann Nucl Energy 75:132–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mozammel T, Khan MR (2014) Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of batch adsorption – modification of langmuir model. Int J Appl Eng Res 9(22):13645–13653Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Hydro-Science and Engineering, Department of Hydraulic EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations