Advertisement

Introduction

  • Robin Ramcharan
  • Bertrand Ramcharan
Chapter

Abstract

Laying the overall framework for analysis of Asia’s contribution of the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), the introductory chapter outlines debates in scholarship concerning who drafted the Universal Declaration, the influence of Western philosophical and religious traditions, the role of the “Global South” in framing universal values and the Asian values debate. It locates the work in constructivist approach to the study of international relations, which emphasizes that there is a global dialogue over rights. Tracing the strong Asian contribution to the UDHR contributes to this dialogue and reinforces the universal values of the Declaration.

References

  1. Primary Documents: Human Rights Council:Google Scholar
  2.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/17/CHN/1, para.4.Google Scholar
  3.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/27/IND/1, para. 1.Google Scholar
  4.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/27/IDN, para. 1.Google Scholar
  5.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/17/MYS/1, para. 9.Google Scholar
  6.  Human Rights Council, A/HEC/WG.6/28/PAK/1, para. 2.Google Scholar
  7.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/27/PHL/1, para. 3.Google Scholar
  8.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/24/SGP/1, para. 4.Google Scholar
  9.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/25/THA/1, para. 14.Google Scholar
  10.  Human Rights Council, A/HRC/WG.6/18/VNM/1, paras. 6–7.Google Scholar
  11. AICHR. (2009), Terms of Reference. Accessible at: http://www.asean.org/storage/images/archive/publications/TOR-of-AICHR.pdf
  12. Alfredsson, Gudmundur and Asbjorn Eide (Eds.), The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A common Standard of Achievement (the Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1999)Google Scholar
  13. An-na’im, Abdullahi Ahmed (ed.). Human Rights in Cross-cultural Perspectives: A Quest for Consensus. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992).Google Scholar
  14. Bell, Daniel. The China Model (Princeton and Oxford, Princeton University Press, 2015).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Blackburn, Roger. Cultural Relativism in the Universal Periodic Review of the UN Human Rights Council. Institut CAtala International, Working Paper No. 3, 2011. Available at https://www.upr-info.org/sites/default/files/general-document/pdf/-blackburn_upr_cultural_relativism.09.2011.pdf
  16. Bünte, Marco and B. Dressel. Politics and Constitutions in Southeast Asia. (London, New York: Routledge, 2017).Google Scholar
  17. Candela, Kacie China’s Notions of UN Reform: Filling the Growing Vacuum Left by the US, Pass Blue, January 3, 2018, p. 11. Accessed at http://www.passblue.com/2018/01/03/chinas-notions-of-un-reform-filling-the-growing-vacuum-left-by-the-us/ 1/7
  18. Cerna, Christina, “Universality of Human Rights and Cultural Diversity: Implementation of Human Rights in Different Socio-Cultural Contexts,” Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 16, No.4, (1994), pp.740–752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Donnelly, Jack, Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 400–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Donnelly, Jack, Universal Human Rights In Theory and Practice (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013), p. 53Google Scholar
  21. Dyer, Geoff, Contest of the Century, New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  22. Eldridge, Philip J. The Politics of Human Rights in Southeast Asia, (Routledge, London and New York, 2002)Google Scholar
  23. Fariss, C. “Respect for human rights has improved over time: Modeling the changing standard of accountability.” American Political Science Review, Vol. 108, No. 2., May 2014, pp. 297–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Finnemore, Martha and Kathryn Sikkink (1998), “International Norm Dynamics and Political Change,” International Organization, Vol. 52, No. 4, (Autumn, 1998), pp. 887–917.Google Scholar
  25. Forsythe, David, “Hard times for human rights.” Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2017, pp. 242–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Freeman, Michael, “Human Rights, Democracy and Asian Values,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 9, No.3, 1997, 352–366.Google Scholar
  27. Glendon, Mary, “Foundations of Human Rights: The unfinished Business,” American Journal of Jurisprudence, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1999, p. 7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hopgood Stephen, The Endtimes for Human Rights. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2014).Google Scholar
  29. Human Rights Council, 34th session (HCR34) in March 2017: a resolution on the “Question of the realization in all countries of economic social and cultural rights” (A/HRC/34/L.4/Rev.1) and a resolution on “The right to food” (A/HRC/34/L.21).Google Scholar
  30. Johnson, M. Glen and Janusz Symonides, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A History of its Creation and Implementation, 1948–1998, UNESCO Publications, 1998. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0011/001144/114488E.pdf
  31. Killion, M., Ulric “China’s Amended Constitution: Quest for Liberty and Independent Judicial Review,” Washington. University Global Studies. Law Review. Vol. 43, No.4,, 2005., pp. 43–80, Available at http://openscholarship.wustl.edu/law_globalstudies/vol4/iss1/3
  32. Kingsbury, Damien, Leena Avonius, Eds., Human Rights in Asia: A Reassessment of the Asian Values Debate (Springer, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008).Google Scholar
  33. Mauzy, Diane, “The human rights and ‘Asian values’ debate in Southeast Asia: Trying to clarify the key issues,” The Pacific Review, Vol.10 No.2, 1997, pp. 210–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Morsink, Johannes, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Origins, Drafting, and Intent (Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia 1999/2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Moyn, S., The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
  36. Nasu, Hitoshi and Ben Saul, Human Rights in the Asia-Pacific Region: Towards Institution Building, Routledge, 2011.Google Scholar
  37. NGO Bangkok Declaration on Human Rights, World Conference on Human Rights, 19 April 1993, UN Doc. A Conf.157/PC/83,Google Scholar
  38. Ole Bruun and Michael Jacobsen, Human Rights and Asian Values: Contesting National Identities and Cultural Representations in Asia (London: Routledge, 2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Posner, E. The Twilight of Human Rights Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)Google Scholar
  40. Quing, Jiang, A Confucian Constitutional Order. (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
  41. Rachman, Gideon, Easternization: War and Peace in the Asian Century. (London: The Bodley Head, 2016).Google Scholar
  42. Rieff, David, “The End of Human Rights? Learning from the failure of the Responsibility to Protect and the International Criminal Court.” Foreign Policy. April 9 2018. http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/04/09/the-end-of-human-rights-genocide-united-nations-r2p-terrorism/
  43. Samnoy, Ashild, Human rights as international consensus: The Making of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1945–1948 (Chr. Michelsen Institute Bergen, Norway, 1993).Google Scholar
  44. Sceats, Sonja and Shaun Breslin, China and the International Human Rights System. (London: Chatham House, 2012).Google Scholar
  45. Sen, Amartya, “Human Rights and Asian Values,” Sixteenth Annual Morgenthau Memorial Lecture on Ethics and Foreign Policy, May 25, 1997, https://www.carnegiecouncil.org/publications/archive/morgenthau/254
  46. Sikkink, Kathryn, Evidence for Hope: Making Human Rights Work in the 21st Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2017, p.56Google Scholar
  47. Worden, Andrea, “China Pushes ‘Human Rights With Chinese Characteristics’ at the UN,” China Change, October 9, 2017. https://chinachange.org/2017/10/09/china-pushes-human-rights-with-chinese-characteristics-at-the-un/4/12
  48. Zakaria, Fareed, The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad. London and NY: WW Norton and Co. 2007. First published in 2003Google Scholar
  49. Zakaria, “The rise of illiberal democracy,” Foreign Affairs, Nov/Dec, 1997, pp. 22–43.Google Scholar
  50. Zuber, Valentine, Le Culte des Droits de l’Homme. (Paris: Galimard, 2014).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robin Ramcharan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bertrand Ramcharan
    • 3
  1. 1.Webster UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Asia CentreBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Emeritus President, UPR InfoAlythUK

Personalised recommendations