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Neuroanesthesia and Coexisting Renal Problems

  • Nidhi Gupta
  • Shiwani Aggarwal
  • Vasudha Singhal
Chapter

Abstract

Both the brain and kidney share strong functional interdependence in health as well as in disease [1, 2]. Neurocritically ill patients are at a high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) [3–7], while patients with acute renal insult, receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT), are susceptible to varied neurological complications requiring emergent neurosurgical interventions [8]. AKI is known to be an acute systemic disease with serious distant organ effects and progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) with long-term morbidity and mortality [9–11]. Hence, successful management of AKI in patients with an injured brain requires an in-depth understanding of the fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, as well as appropriate modifications of RRT in the acute setting [12, 13].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nidhi Gupta
    • 1
  • Shiwani Aggarwal
    • 2
  • Vasudha Singhal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NeuroanaesthesiaIndraprastha Apollo HospitalNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Max Superspeciality HospitalGhaziabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Neuroanesthesiology and Neurocritical CareMedanta, The MedicityGurugramIndia

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