Neuroanesthesiology, as a branch, has been rapidly diversifying with the recent advancements in neurosurgical practices, anesthetic drugs, and neuromonitoring techniques, leading to better clinical outcomes. Evolution of neurosurgical expertise poses new challenges for the neuroanesthesiologist. A comprehensive understanding of the coexisting diseases in a patient who presents for a brain surgery is of paramount importance, in order to plan anesthesia appropriately and ensure optimal operating conditions for the surgeon, thereby ensuring a smooth recovery and good patient outcome.
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