Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was developed as a therapeutic option for those patients who are deemed to be at high risk for surgical aortic valve replacement or inoperable. After the first case was performed by Professor Cribier from the Department of Cardiology, Rouen University in France in 2002 [Cribier A, Eltchaninoff H, Bash A, Borenstein N, Tron C, Bauer F, et al. Percutaneous transcatheter implantation of an aortic valve prosthesis for calcific aortic stenosis: first human case description. Circulation. 2002;106:3006–8], this therapeutic option received the CE Mark in Europe in 2007, and approval from the U.S. FDA was granted to the SAPIEN valve from Edward Lifesciences in 2011 and the CoreValve from Medtronic in 2014. Presently, over 150,000 patients have been treated with this technique worldwide, and it is rapidly improving and prevailing around the world. In October 2013, it finally received insurance reimbursement in Japan. Since then, over 8000 patients have been treated, and the number of facilities approved to perform the procedure is increasing.
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