Advances in Penetrating Multichannel Microelectrodes Based on the Utah Array Platform

  • Moritz LeberEmail author
  • Julia Körner
  • Christopher F. Reiche
  • Ming Yin
  • Rajmohan Bhandari
  • Robert Franklin
  • Sandeep Negi
  • Florian SolzbacherEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1101)


The Utah electrode array (UEA) and its many derivatives have become a gold standard for high-channel count bi-directional neural interfaces, in particular in human subject applications. The chapter provides a brief overview of leading electrode concepts and the context in which the UEA has to be understood. It goes on to discuss the key advances and developments of the UEA platform in the past 15 years, as well as novel wireless and system integration technologies that will merge into future generations of fully integrated devices. Aspects covered include novel device architectures that allow scaling of channel count and density of electrode contacts, material improvements to substrate, electrode contacts, and encapsulation. Further subjects are adaptations of the UEA platform to support IR and optogenetic simulation as well as an improved understanding of failure modes and methods to test and accelerate degradation in vitro such as to better predict device failure and lifetime in vivo.


Utah electrode array (UEA) Neural interface materials Wireless technology Accelerated aging Advanced system integration 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moritz Leber
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Julia Körner
    • 1
  • Christopher F. Reiche
    • 1
  • Ming Yin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rajmohan Bhandari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert Franklin
    • 2
  • Sandeep Negi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Florian Solzbacher
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.University of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Blackrock MicrosystemsSalt Lake CityUSA

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