Guilty by Association: The Issue of Gender Violence and the Targeted Killing of Men of Fighting Age in Times of Conflict
The term gender violence is often used to highlight the role gender dynamics and expectations have in the commission of violence against women. However, in this chapter, I intend to demonstrate how at least within times of conflict this term can also be used to identify types of violence committed against men. I will use the case study of the Bougainville civil war to demonstrate how in certain types of conflicts, combatants’ inability or unwillingness to distinguish hostile forces from the male civilian population can result in the disproportionate targeting of this group. Consequently, this demographic can be at increased risk of assault, torture, and murder at the hands of combatants as a result of their gender. The intention of this chapter is not to try and marginalize the victimization of women during times of war but merely to demonstrate how gender roles and expectations can result in unique forms of violence against men as well.
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