Labor Market Segmentation by Public-Private Sector and Its Influence on Gender Wage Gap

  • Xinxin Ma


It is known that because socialism policies which promote social equality were enforced by Chinese government, the gender gap in wage and employment was little during the planned economy system period in urban China. The gender wage gap became enlarged during the economic transition period. What factors can explain the gender wage gap in the 2000s? As described in Chap.  3, to counter the developing countries and the other economic transition countries in central and eastern Europe, there exists the labor market segmentation between public sector and private sector which is a special labor market structure for China. Does the labor market segmentation by public sector and private sector affect the gender wage gap in China? Chapter  5 focuses on this issue which is not noticed in the previous studies and provides some evidence to answer the question. Some interesting findings are obtained. For example, it is found that the problem of discrimination against female workers in a given ownership sector (public or private sectors) is becoming more serious, and is the main factor which causes the gender wage gap expanding in urban China from 2002 to 2013.


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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinxin Ma
    • 1
  1. 1.Hitotsubashi UniversityTokyoJapan

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