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On a Temporal Preposition in the Baoding Dialect—Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives

  • Alain Peyraube
  • Na Song
Chapter
Part of the Frontiers in Chinese Linguistics book series (FiCL, volume 5)

Abstract

There is a special temporal marker in the Baoding dialect to express the temporal relation of two sequential events: 投 tho22. We consider this maker as a preposition, which precedes its nominal objects corresponding to the postposition 之前/以前 zhīqián/yĭqián ‘before’ in Standard Mandarin. This paper firstly analyses the aspectual and the semantic features of the elements following 投 tho22 and the conditions constraining the 投 tho22 phrase. The source of 投 tho22 and its evolutionary development from Ancient Chinese ‘to throw’ [verb] to Modern Chinese (Baoding) ‘before’ [preposition] through Medieval Chinese are further discussed.

List of Abbreviations

1SG

First singular personal pronoun

1PL

First plural personal pronoun

1PLIN

First plural personal pronoun inclusive

2SG

Second singular personal pronoun

3SG

Third singular personal pronoun

2PL

Second plural personal pronoun

3PL

Third plural personal pronoun

BEN

Beneficiary

CL

Classifier

COMPL

Completive aspect

COS

Particle expressing a change of state

EXP

Experiential aspect marker

GEN

Genitive

INT

Interrogative particle

NEG

Negative marker (adverb)

OM

Preverbal object marker

PL

Plural

PFV

Perfective aspect marker

PROH

Prohibitive

PRT

Final particle

RED

Reduplication

REL

Relative marker

RES

Resultative complement

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Copyright information

© Peking University Press and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Ecole des Hautes études en Sciences SocialesParisFrance
  2. 2.Institut National des Langues et Civilisations OrientalesParisFrance

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